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ID: 7007299
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7007299

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Lausanne (inhabited place)  Lausanne (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 46 32 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 46.5333  decimal degrees
Long: 006 40 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 6.6667  decimal degrees

Note: Located on the N shore of Lake Geneva, 32 m. SE of Geneva. Originally a Celtic settlement and then a Roman military camp, it was ruled by prince-bishops from the 6th century to 1536. The Ottoman Empire signed a treaty here with Italy in 1912 and with Turkey in 1923. It was an intellectual center in the 18th century and was the home of Gibbon, Rousseau, and Voltaire.

Names:
Lausanne (preferred,C,V,French,U)
Lousanna (C,V)
Losanna (C,O,Italian,U)
Lausonium (H,V)  ............ Celtic name for original settlement that was actually first located on the lakeshore near present city

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Schweiz (nation)  ........  Schweiz (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Vaud (canton)  ............  Vaud (canton) (P)
Hierarchy of Lausanne (inhabited place)  ................  Lausanne (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  originally a Celtic settlement, moved to present location ca. 379 AD
city (C)
regional capital (C)  ............  from 1803, when Vaud was created
transportation center (C)  ............  today is an important railroad junction
manufacturing center (C)  ............  produces metal objects, precision instruments, leather goods, clothing, chocolate & beer
university center (C)  ............  established in 1537
episcopal see (H)  ............  from late 6th cen. until see was moved to Fribourg in 1663

Sources and Contributors:
Lausanne..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 195-196
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 110
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Lausonium..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 195
Losanna..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 296
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Lousanna..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 507
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 507
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 296
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 195; VII, 195-196
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2552809
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 110
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) V. I, p. 507

 

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