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ID: 7006074
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7006074

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Livorno (inhabited place)  Livorno (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 43 33 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 43.5500  decimal degrees
Long: 010 19 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 10.3167  decimal degrees

Note: Located on Ligurian Sea, surrounded by low hills; was given by countess Matilda of Tuscany to Pisan church in 1103; flourished as commercial center; went to Visconti family in 1399, to Genoa & then to Florence in 15th cen.; was damaged in WW II.

Names:
Livorno (preferred,C,V)
Livourne (C,O)
Livorn (C,V)
Leghorn (H,O)  ............ obsolete English name
Liburni Portus (H,V)
Liburnum (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italia (nation)  ........  Italia (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Toscana (region (administrative division))  ............  Toscana (region (administrative division)) (P,C) part of new kingdom of Italy from 1861
Hierarchy of Livorno (province)  ................  Livorno (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Livorno (inhabited place)  ....................  Livorno (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  developed as a fishing village, was fortified in 14th cen.
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
port (C)  ............  was a fishing port; now is one of largest ports in Italy, originally developed commercially by Cosimo I de'Medici in 1571
commercial center (C)  ............  important since 16th cen., sustained by canals that link the sea to the Arno river
shipbuilding center (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  includes metallurgical plants, petroleum refinery, steelworks & chemical-manufacturing plants
refugee center (H)  ............  for Roman Catholics from England, & for Moors & Jews from Spain & Portugal in 16th-17th cen.

Sources and Contributors:
Leghorn..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 510-511
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 177
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Liburni Portus..........  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 418
Liburnum..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 418
Livorn..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Livorno..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Annuario Generale (1980)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 114
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Livourne..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 291
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Annuario Generale (1980)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 510-511
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 291
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 418
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -120258
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 114
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 177
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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