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ID: 7005246
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005246

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Göttingen (inhabited place)  Göttingen (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 51 32 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 51.5333  decimal degrees
Long: 009 56 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 9.9333  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Göttingen is located on the Leine River in Lower Saxony in north-central Germany. It is first mentioned under the name Guting in 953. Receiving its charter in 1211, it became a powerful member of the Hanseatic League in the 14th century. It sustained severe damage during the religious wars of the 16th and 17th centuries, but revived with the founding of the University of Göttingen, which soon became known of one of the best in Europe. The dismissal of seven professors (including J and K Grimm) in 1837 caused a sharp decline in its academic reputation and hence the prosperity of the city. Strong math and physics faculties eventually restored its good name in the late 19th century. The university's library has one of the finest collections in Europe and draws many visitors. Largely undamaged during World War II, the city retains much of its historic architecture, including whole streets of medieval half-timbered buildings, the city ramparts, and several Gothic churches. Its industries include tourism, the production of optical and precision instruments and printing. Its 2004 estimated population was 123,100.

Names:
Göttingen (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Gutingi (H,V)  ............ name documented in 10th century

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Lower Saxony (state)  ............  Lower Saxony (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Göttingen (inhabited place)  ................  Göttingen (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first documented in 953, chartered ca. 1211
city (C)
university center (C)  ............  established in 1737, became most famous in Europe; declined after student/political disturbances in 1837, but revived
manufacturing center (C)  ............  produces optical and technical instruments and printed materials
scientific center (C)  ............  headquarters of Max Planck Society, center for research in mathematics and physics affiliated with the university
educational center (C)  ............  famed for one of the finest libraries in Germany, located at the university
cultural center (C)  ............  famed for museums and theaters

Sources and Contributors:
Göttingen..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:344
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 75
....................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 452
Gutingi..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 386
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:344
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 386
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Göttingen (Germany) NAF79065961, accessed 6 July 2004
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1778071
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 75
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 452
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:344
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Göttingen." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 2002-. http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?eu=38253&tocid=0&query=gottingen&ct=eb (6 July 2004)
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 6 July 2004

 

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