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ID: 1000091
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000091

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of România (nation)  România (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 46 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 46.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 025 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 25.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Area inhabited by Illyrians, Thracians and Scythians 1st millenium BCE; Greeks settled in 7th century BCE, and Dacians in 4th century BCE; subjugated by Rome, then by Goths; divided into states, including Walachia and Moldavia by 14th century; vassal of Ottomans 14-19th centuries; official language is Romanian.

Names:
România (preferred,C,V,O,Romanian-P,U,N)
Romania (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Romania (Romanian)
Romania (Shona)
Romania (Finnish)
Romania (Latin)
Romania (Malay (macrolanguage))
Romania (Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association))
Romania (Swahili (generic))
Romania (Catalan)
Romania (North Ndebele)
Romania (Occitan)
Romania (Norwegian)
Romania (Indonesian)
Romania (Italian)
Romania (Norwegian (Bokmål))
Romania (Malagasy)
Romania (Pampanga)
Romania (Kikuyu)
Romania (Vietnamese)
Romania (Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Rumania (C,O,English,U,N)
Rumania (Spanish-P,U,N)
Rumania (Ido)
Rumania (Ladino)
Rumania (Albanian)
Rumania (Waray (Philippines))
Rumania (Indonesian)
Roumania (C,O,English,U,N)
Roumania (Breton)
Roumanie (C,O,Arpitan)
Roumanie (French-P,U,N)
Roumanie (Malagasy)
Rumänien (C,O,Swedish)
Rumänien (German-P,U,N)
Rumänien (Low German)
Rumänien (Luxembourgish)
Roemenië (C,O,Limburgan)
Roemenië (Dutch-P,U,N)
Roemenië (Afrikaans)
Romênia (C,O,Portuguese-P,U,N)
Румыния (C,O,Russian-P,U)
罗马尼亚 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
روماه اَ (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
ROU (C,O)
RO (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO642 (C,O,ISO3N)
RO00 (C,O,FIPS)
Romanian (C,O,English,U,A)
Rumanian (C,O)
Roumanian (C,O)
רומניה (C,U,Hebrew )
An Rómáin (C,U,Irish Gaelic)
Errumania (C,U,Basque)
i-Romania (C,U,Zulu)
Lomaniya (C,U,Ganda (Ugandan language))
Lomēnia (C,U,Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Orílẹ́ède Romaniya (C,U,Yoruba)
Republica Populară Romînă (C,U)
Roemeenje (C,U,Western Frisian)
Romàinia (C,U,Scots Gaelic)
Romainiya (C,U,Nauruan)
Romani (C,U,Luba-Katanga)
Romani (Lingala)
Románia (C,U,Magyar (Hungarian))
Románia (Northern Sami)
Romanìa (C,U,Piemontese)
Romanía (C,U,Galician)
Romania nutome (C,U,Ewe)
Romanía - România (C,U,Galician)
romanias (C,U)
Romanica (C,U)
Romaniei (C,U)
romanis (C,U)
Romaniya (C,U,Azerbaijani)
Romaniya (Hausa)
Romanya (C,U,Kurdish)
Romanya (Turkish)
Roménia (C,U,Portuguese)
Roménia (Tetum)
Romenia (C,U,Akan)
Romînia (C,U)
Romunija (C,U,Slovene)
Roumaneye (C,U,Walloon)
Roumani (C,U,Cornish)
Rumaaniya (C,U,Somali)
Rumænia (C,U,Greenlandic)
Rumænien (C,U,Danish)
Rumän (C,U,Volapük)
Ru-ma-ni (C,U,Vietnamese)
Rumani (C,U,Albanian)
Rumani (Bambara)
Rumanìa (C,U,Sicilian)
Rumanía (C,U,Spanish)
Rumanía (Aragonese)
Rumanía (Asturian)
Rumanian People’s Republic (C,U)
Ru-ma-ni-a (Romania) (C,U,Vietnamese)
Rumanïi (C,U,Sangho)
Rumanii (C,U,Fulah)
Rumanija (C,U,Maltese)
Rumānija (C,U,Latvian)
Rumanio (C,U,Esperanto)
Rumaniya (C,U,Quechuan)
Rumaniya (Rundi)
Rumanujo (C,U,Esperanto)
Rumanya (C,U,Tagalog)
Rumanya (Quechuan)
Rumeenia (C,U,Estonian)
Rumenia (C,U,Romansh)
Rumenia (Faroese)
Rúmenía (C,U,Icelandic)
Rumiinii (C,U)
Rumunia (C,U,Polish)
Rumunija (C,U,Lithuanian)
Rumunija (Bosnian)
Rumuniya (C,U)
Rumunjska (C,U,Croatian)
Rumunska (C,U,Upper Sorbian)
Rumunsko (C,U,Czech)
Rumunsko (Slovak)
Rwmania (C,U,Welsh)
Socialist Republic of Rumania (C,U)
Woumani (C,U,Haitian (Haitian Creole))
Румъния (C,U,Bulgarian)
רומעניע (C,U,Yiddish)
โรมาเนีย (C,U,Thai)
रोमानिया (C,U,Kashmiri)
रोमानिया (Marathi)
रोमानिया (Nepali)
रोमानिया (Sanskrit)
रोमानिया (Hindi)
羅馬尼亞 (C,U,Chinese)
ᎶᎹᏂᏯ (C,U,Cherokee)
ሮማንያ (C,U,Amharic)
Румынія (C,U,Belorussian)
Романија (C,U,Macedonian)
رۇمىنىيە (C,U,Uyghur)
Руминия (C,U,Tajik)
رومانيا (C,U,Arabic)
রোমানিয়া (C,U,Bengali)
ሮሜኒያ (C,U,Amharic)
ሮሜኒያ (Tigrinya)
루마니아 (C,U,Korean)
რუმინეთი (C,U,Georgian)
Румунија (C,U,Serbian)
ประเทศโรมาเนีย (C,U,Thai)
রুমানিয়া (C,U,Bengali)
Ρουμανία (C,U,Greek)
ருமேனியா (C,U,Tamil)
ܪܘܡܢܝܐ (C,U,Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE))
Румунія (C,U,Ukrainian)
ລູເມເນຍ (C,U,Lao)
រូម៉ានី (C,U,Khmer)
ルーマニア (C,U,Japanese)
Ռումինիա (C,U,Armenian)
رومانی (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
റുമേനിയ (C,U,Malayalam)
ರೊಮ್ಯಾನಿಯಾ (C,U,Kannada)
ရိုမေးနီးယား (C,U,Burmese)
රුමේනියාව (C,U,Sinhala)
རོ་མཱ་ནིཡ། (C,U,Tibetan)
રોમાનિયા (C,U,Gujarati)
ڕۆمانیا (C,U,Kurdish)
రోమానియా (C,U,Telugu)
رومانیا (C,U,Urdu)
ରୋମାନିଆ (C,U,Oriya)
রুমানিয়া (C,U,Bengali)
Dacia (H,V)  ............ Roman
Republica Socialistă România (H,V)  ............ 1947-1989
ROM (H,O,ISO3L)
Socialist Republic of Romania (H,O)  ............ 1947-1989

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of România (nation)  ........  România (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Southern Europe (general region)  ........  Southern Europe (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of România (nation)  ............  România (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of European Union (union)  ........  European Union (union) (P)
Hierarchy of România (nation)  ............  România (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Eastern Europe (general region)  ........  Eastern Europe (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of România (nation)  ............  România (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of European Economic Area (zone)  ........  European Economic Area (zone) (P,U)
Hierarchy of România (nation)  ............  România (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  ancient nation of Dacia that existed before Roman conquest in AD 107; Walachia & Moldavia united in 1859; modern nation underwent revolution in 1989
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  socialist republic from 1965-1989, new constitution adopted December 1991
monarchy (H)  ............  abolished December 1947
province (H)  ............  Roman, AD 107-270
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  București .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Europe, România, Bucureşti) [7001804]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1955

Sources and Contributors:
Румыния..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
罗马尼亚..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
روماه اَ..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
רומניה..........  [IMJ, VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
Румъния..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
רומעניע..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
โรมาเนีย..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
रोमानिया..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
羅馬尼亞..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ᎶᎹᏂᏯ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ሮማንያ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Румынія..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Романија..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
رۇمىنىيە..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Руминия..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
رومانيا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
রোমানিয়া..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ሮሜኒያ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
루마니아..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
რუმინეთი..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Румунија..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ประเทศโรมาเนีย..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
রুমানিয়া..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Ρουμανία..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ருமேனியா..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ܪܘܡܢܝܐ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Румунія..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ລູເມເນຍ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
រូម៉ានី..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ルーマニア..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Ռումինիա..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
رومانی..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
റുമേനിയ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ರೊಮ್ಯಾನಿಯಾ..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ရိုမေးနီးယား..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
රුමේනියාව..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
རོ་མཱ་ནིཡ།..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
રોમાનિયા..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ڕۆمانیا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
రోమానియా..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
رومانیا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ରୋମାନିଆ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
রুমানিয়া..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
An Rómáin..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Dacia..........  [VP]
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 217 & II, 791 ff.
..............  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 341
Errumania..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
i-Romania..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ISO642..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
Lomaniya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Lomēnia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Orílẹ́ède Romaniya..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Republica Populară Romînă..........  [VP]
............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Republica Socialistă România..........  [VP]
...............................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 544-545
...............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
RO..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
RO00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 69
Roemeenje..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Roemenië..........  [VP]
.................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) 657
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ROM..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 783
Romàinia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romainiya..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romani..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romania..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, IMJ Preferred, VP]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 491 ff.
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 687
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 156
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 81
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-82
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 76
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1026-1028
România..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 699
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
Románia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romanìa..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romanía..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romanian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 30
Romania nutome..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romanía - România..........  [VP]
................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
romanias..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romanica..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romaniei..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
romanis..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romaniya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romanya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romênia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
Roménia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romenia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romînia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Romunija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
ROU..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Newsletter V-3 (2002) accessed 26 September 2007
Roumaneye..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Roumani..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Roumania..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) 354
Roumanian..........  [VP]
....................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
Roumanie..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 661
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 76
Rumaaniya..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumænia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumænien..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumän..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Ru-ma-ni..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumani..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumania..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 544-545
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Rumanìa..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumanía..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumanian..........  [VP]
.................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
Rumanian People’s Republic..........  [VP]
...............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Ru-ma-ni-a (Romania)..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumänien..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) I, 503
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumanïi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumanii..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumanija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumānija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumanio..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumaniya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumanujo..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumanya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumeenia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumenia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rúmenía..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumiinii..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumunia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumunija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumuniya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumunjska..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumunska..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rumunsko..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Rwmania..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Socialist Republic of Romania..........  [VP]
..................................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 156 ff.
..................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
..................................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Socialist Republic of Rumania..........  [VP]
..................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Woumani..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, IMJ, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 491 ff.
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 687
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 699
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 544-545
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 217 & II, 791 ff.
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 661
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) I, 503
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 156; X, 156 ff.
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) 657
..................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 798549
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 783
..................  ISO Newsletter V-3 (2002) accessed 26 September 2007
..................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 69
..................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 81
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 341
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) 354; I-82
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 76
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 30
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1026-1028
..................  Wikipedia (2000-) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania
 
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The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust