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ID: 1000090
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Portugal (nation)  Portugal (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 39 30 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 39.5000  decimal degrees
Long: 008 00 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -8.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Portugal is a nation located on the Atlantic coast of the Iberian Peninsula, bordered on the east and north by Spain and on the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean. Inhabited by 500,000 BCE; distinct cultures began to emerge by the 6th millennium. BCE. Celts, later called Lusitanians, invaded in the 1st millennium BCE. It was ruled by Romans by the 2nd century BCE, then was occupied successively by the Germanic Suebi, the Visigoths in the 5th century CE, and the Moors by 711. It became a separate kingdom in the 12th century, and began expanding globally with colonies in South America, Africa, and the Far East from the 14th to the 17th centuries. From 1580 to 1640 it was ruled by Spain. In 1640 the House of Bragança reestablished a native Portuguese kingdom that lasted until 1910, though it suffered much turbulence, especially during the period of the Napoleonic wars. A republic was established in 1910, since when the nation has undergone rule by various dictators. A constitution and free elections were established in 1976. It joined the European Union in 1986.

Names:
Portugal (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Portugal (Portuguese-P,U,N)
Portugal (Spanish-P,U,N)
Portugal (French-P,U,N)
República Portuguesa (C,V,O,Portuguese,U,N)
República Portuguesa (Spanish,U,N)
Republica Portuguesa (C,V,Portuguese,U,N)
Portuguese Republic (C,O,English,U,N)
Republic of Portugal (C,O,English,U,N)
République portugaise (C,O,French,U,N)
Португалия (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Португальская Республика (C,O,Russian,U)
葡萄牙 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
葡萄牙共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
ابًرثغال (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
الجهور ةً ابًرثغا ةًَ (C,O,Arabic,U)
PRT (C,O,ISO3L)
PT (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO620 (C,O,ISO3N)
PO00 (C,O,FIPS)
Lusitania (H,V)  ............ ancient name
Portuguese (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Portugal (nation)  ........  Portugal (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  first as independent state in 1179, but with boundaries close to those of modern nation in 1270
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  proclaimed in 1910
kingdom (H)  ............  first as independent kingdom under Alfonso I, from mid-12th cen.
county (H)  ............  of Burgundy, from 1095

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Lisbon .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Europe, Portugal, Lisboa) [7010978]
member of ....  European Union .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7030305]
................  since 1986
member of ....  Euro Zone .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7033130]
member of ....  North Atlantic Treaty Organization .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029610]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1955

Sources and Contributors:
ISO620..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
Lusitania..........  [VP]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 752 ff.
....................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 353
PO00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 67
Portugal..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 75
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-77
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 74
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 22 July 2009
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 974-975
Portuguese..........  [VP]
.......................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 29
Portuguese Republic..........  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 632 ff.
PRT..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 783
PT..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
Republica Portuguesa..........  [VP]
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 518-519
República Portuguesa..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 683
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 695
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
Republic of Portugal..........  [VP]
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 518-519
République portugaise..........  [VP]
......................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 783
Португалия..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
Португальская Республика..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
葡萄牙..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
葡萄牙共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
ابًرثغال..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
الجهور ةً ابًرثغا ةًَ..........  [VP]
......................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 683
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 695
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 518-519
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 752 ff.
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 632 ff.
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 783
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 67
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 75
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 353
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-77
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 74
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 29
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 974-975
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) "Portugal." accessed 24 July 2003

 

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