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ID: 1000056
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000056

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Perú (nation)  Perú (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 10 00 00 S  degrees minutes   Lat: -10.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 076 00 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -76.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Area was inhabited by 8000 BCE; advanced cultures existed by 13th century; seat of Incan empire established ca. 1230, conquest of neighbors began in 1438; Spanish arrived in 1524, invaded Incan area and killed king; area remained loyal to Spain into the 19th century; official languages are Spanish and Quechua, though Aymará is also spoken.

Names:
Perú (preferred,C,V,Aymaran-P,U,N)
Perú (Catalan)
Perú (Galician)
Perú (Icelandic)
Perú (Quechuan-P,U,N)
Perú (Aragonese)
Perú (Faroese)
Perú (Asturian)
Perú (Tetum)
Perú (Spanish-P,U,N)
República del Perú (C,V,O,Spanish,U,N)
Peru (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Peru (Ilocano)
Peru (Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Peru (Shona)
Peru (Croatian)
Peru (Malay (macrolanguage))
Peru (Low German)
Peru (Norwegian (Bokmål))
Peru (Danish)
Peru (Indonesian)
Peru (Finnish)
Peru (Swahili (generic))
Peru (Bosnian)
Peru (Lithuanian)
Peru (Azerbaijani)
Peru (Swedish)
Peru (Uzbek)
Peru (Basque)
Peru (Czech)
Peru (Vietnamese)
Peru (Bambara)
Peru (Somali)
Peru (Romansh)
Peru (Polish)
Peru (Dutch)
Peru (Maltese)
Peru (Norwegian)
Peru (Slovak)
Peru (Tagalog)
Peru (Fulah)
Peru (Turkish)
Peru (Latvian)
Peru (Afrikaans)
Peru (Pampanga)
Peru (Greenlandic)
Peru (Slovene)
Peru (Kikuyu)
Peru (Ganda (Ugandan language))
Peru (Portuguese)
Peru (Ido)
Peru (Hausa)
Peru (Rundi)
Peru (Akan)
Peru (Northern Sami)
Peru (Luba-Katanga)
Peru (Romanian)
Peru (Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association))
Peru (German)
Peru (Wolof)
Peru (Luxembourgish)
Peru (Magyar (Hungarian))
Republic of Peru (C,O,English,U,N)
Pérou (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République du Pérou (C,O,French,U,N)
Перу (C,O,Belorussian)
Перу (Russian-P,U)
Перу (Macedonian)
Перу (Ukrainian)
Перу (Chuvash)
Перу (Tajik)
Перу (Bulgarian)
Перу (Serbian)
Республика Перу (C,O,Russian,U)
秘鲁 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
秘鲁共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
بيرو (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً بيرو (C,O,Arabic,U)
PER (C,O,ISO3L)
PE (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO604 (C,O,ISO3N)
PE00 (C,O,FIPS)
Peruvian (C,O,English,U,A)
פרו (C,U,Hebrew )
El Perú (C,U)
Incatlān (C,U,Nahuatl)
i-Peru (C,U,Zulu)
Orílẹ́ède Peru (C,U,Yoruba)
Pearù (C,U,Scots Gaelic)
Peiriú (C,U,Irish Gaelic)
Pelū (C,U,Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Periw (C,U,Welsh)
Peró (C,U,Occitan)
Peroa (C,U,Malagasy)
Perou (C,U,Cornish)
Perou (Breton)
Pèrou (C,U,Arpitan)
Pê-ru (C,U,Vietnamese)
Perù (C,U,Sicilian)
Perù (Corsican)
Perù (Italian)
Perù (Ligurian)
Pēru (C,U,Kashmiri)
Péru (C,U,Lingala)
Peruja (C,U,Albanian)
Peru nutome (C,U,Ewe)
Peruo (C,U,Esperanto)
Peruu (C,U,Estonian)
Perüu (C,U,Sangho)
Peruvän (C,U,Volapük)
Peruvia (C,U,Latin)
Perw (C,U,Welsh)
Pheru (C,U,North Ndebele)
Piruw (C,U,Ayamará)
Piruw (Quechuan)
پرو (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
เปรู (C,U,Thai)
Պերու (C,U,Armenian)
ペルー (C,U,Japanese)
ເປລູ (C,U,Lao)
পিরু (C,U,Bengali)
पेरु (C,U,Sanskrit)
पेरु (Hindi)
פערו (C,U,Yiddish)
پېرۇ (C,U,Uyghur)
ប៉េរូ (C,U,Khmer)
Пэру (C,U,Belorussian)
पेरू (C,U,Hindi)
पेरू (Nepali)
पेरू (Marathi)
Περού (C,U,Greek)
பெரு (C,U,Tamil)
পেরু (C,U,Bengali)
페루 (C,U,Korean)
ፔሩ (C,U,Tigrinya)
ፔሩ (Amharic)
პერუ (C,U,Georgian)
پيرو (C,U,Pashto)
ประเทศเปรู (C,U,Thai)
པེ་རུ། (C,U,Tibetan)
పెరూ (C,U,Telugu)
ပီရူး (C,U,Burmese)
پیرو (C,U,Urdu)
પેરુ (C,U,Gujarati)
ಪೆರು (C,U,Kannada)
පේරු (C,U,Sinhala)
ପେରୁ (C,U,Oriya)
پیروو (C,U,Kurdish)
ペルー共和国 (C,U,Japanese)
പെറു (C,U,Malayalam)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of South America (continent)  ....  South America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Perú (nation)  ........  Perú (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  independence declared on July 28, 1821, was completely achieved in December 1842
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Lima .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, South America, Perú, Lima department) [7005821]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1945

Sources and Contributors:
Перу..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
Республика Перу..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
秘鲁..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
秘鲁共和国..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
بيرو..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
جُهور ةً بيرو..........  [VP]
..........................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
פרו..........  [IMJ, VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
...........  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
پرو..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
เปรู..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Պերու..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
ペルー..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
ເປລູ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
পিরু..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
पेरु..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
פערו..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
پېرۇ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
ប៉េរូ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Пэру..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
पेरू..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Περού..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
பெரு..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
পেরু..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
페루..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
ፔሩ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
პერუ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
پيرو..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
ประเทศเปรู..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
པེ་རུ།..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
పెరూ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
ပီရူး..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
پیرو..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
પેરુ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
ಪೆರು..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
පේරු..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
ପେରୁ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
پیروو..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
ペルー共和国..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
പെറു..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
El Perú..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Incatlān..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
i-Peru..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
ISO604..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
Orílẹ́ède Peru..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
PE..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
PE00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 64
Pearù..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Peiriú..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Pelū..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
PER..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 782
Periw..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Peró..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Peroa..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Pérou..........  [BHA, VP]
..............  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 555
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
..............  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 74
Perou..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Pèrou..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Peru..........  [BHA, FDA, IMJ Preferred, VP]
...........  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1988)
...........  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 9:316 ff.
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
...........  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
...........  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plates 119-120
...........  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) 353; I-75
...........  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 74
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 944-945
Perú..........  [VP Preferred]
...........  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 691
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
...........  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 74
...........  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 22 July 2009
Pê-ru..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Perù..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Pēru..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Péru..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Peruja..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Peru nutome..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Peruo..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Peruu..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Perüu..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Peruvän..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Peruvia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Peruvian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 29
Perw..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Pheru..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
Piruw..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
República del Perú..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 680
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 692
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
Republic of Peru..........  [VP]
.............................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 503-504
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
République du Pérou..........  [VP]
...................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 782
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, IMJ, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 680
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 692
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 691
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1988)
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 503-504
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 555
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 316 ff.; 9:316 ff.
..................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3932488
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 782
..................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 64
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plates 119-120
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) 353; I-75
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 74
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 29
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 944-945
..................  Wikipedia (2000-) https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%83
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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