The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Thesaurus of Geographic Names Full Record Display
Thesaurus of Geographic Names Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Vernacular Display | English Display

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONJSONLDRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 7030776
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Kolkata (inhabited place)  Kolkata (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 22 33 45 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 22.5626  decimal degrees
Long: 088 21 47 E  degrees minutes   Long: 88.3630  decimal degrees

Note: India's largest city and one of its major ports. It is located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, which was once the main channel of the Ganges River, about 96 miles upstream from the head of the Bay of Bengal. It was documented in rent-roll of Mughal emperor Akbar in the 16th century. The English East India Company founded a trading post here in the 17th century, which grew up on the sites of three local villages, Sutanati, Kalikata, and Gobindapore. It was taken by Siraj-ud-daula, Nawab of Bengal in 1756. There were notable riots between Muslims and Hindus in the late 1940s.

Names:
Kolkata (preferred,C,V,Bengali (transliterated),U)  ............ Bengali name, approved by state senate in July, 1999
Calcutta (C,V,English,U)  ............ probably from English pronunciation of nearby Kolikata, where the British laid anchor in the 17th century
Kalkutta (C,V)
Kalikata (C,V)  ............ possibly derived from the Bengali word "Kalikshetra," meaning Ground of (the goddess) Kali"
কলকাতা (C,V,Bengali-P,U)
Sealdah (NA,V)
কলকা��¤à¦¾ (NA,V,Bengali,U)
Fort William (H,V)  ............ name of site when it was fortified ca. 1700
Kalikātā (H,V)  ............ documented in 16th cen.

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of India (nation)  ........  India (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of West Bengal (state)  ............  West Bengal (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Kolkata (inhabited place)  ................  Kolkata (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  Englishman Job Charnock established a factory on the site of several existing villages in 1690
city (C)
state capital (C)
metropolitan area (C)
port (C)
trade center (C)  ............  exports jute, tea, hides and sugar
commercial center (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  produces crude steel and machinery
financial center (C)
transportation center (C)
educational center (C)
national capital (H)  ............  of British India, 1773-1912
capital (H)  ............  of Bengal Presidency, 1707
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
কলকাতা..........  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
কলকা��¤à¦¾..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Calcutta..........  [BHA, FDA, VP Preferred]
.................  Calcutta Journal, New York Times (1999)
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:143-144
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 2:735
.................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 37
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 538; 101
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 202
Fort William..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XV, 458-459
Kalikata..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 735
Kalikātā..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XV, 458
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Kalkutta..........  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-82
Kolkata..........  [VP]
.................  Calcutta Journal, New York Times (1999)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Sealdah..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, VP]
..................  Calcutta Journal, New York Times (1999)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 143-144; 1:143-144
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 735; XV, 458; XV, 458-459; 2:735
..................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2092511
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-82
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 37
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 538; 101
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 202
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) Accessed 05/21/2002.
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 202

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust