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ID: 7029508
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Shetland (unitary authority)  Shetland (unitary authority)

Coordinates:
Lat: 60 30 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 60.5000  decimal degrees
Long: 001 15 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -1.2500  decimal degrees

Note: Island group of about 100 islands northeast of the Orkneys; the principal islands are Mainland, Yell, Unst, and Fetlar; the chief town is Lerwick; island group and administrative region are coextensive; noted for mild climate and strong winds; economy is based on fishing, agriculture, and textiles; invaded by Norsemen in the 8th and 9th centuries who ruled island until the 15th century; became a part of Scotland in 1472; remained outside Scottish history and tradition; noted for the production of hand knitwear; in the late 20th century the island group became a base for the North Sea oil and gas industries: the oil terminal at Sullom Voe is the largest in Europe; tourism is now an important industry as well.

Names:
Shetland (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Shetland Islands (C,V,English,U)
Shetlands (C,V)
Shet (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
Shetld (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
SHI (C,V)  ............ abbreviaion
Shetland Islands Area (NA,V,English,U)
UKW3 (NA,V,FIPS,English,U)
Hjaltland (H,V)
Zetland (H,V,English,U)  ............ official name until 1974

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Scotland (country)  ............  Scotland (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Shetland (unitary authority)  ................  Shetland (unitary authority) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Scotland (country)  ............  Scotland (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Northern Isles (region (administrative division))  ................  Northern Isles (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Shetland (unitary authority)  ....................  Shetland (unitary authority) (P)

Place Types:
unitary authority (preferred, C)  ............  since 1996
second level subdivision (C)
island group (C)
national region (C)
tourist center (C)
county (H)
first level subdivision (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Hjaltland..........  [VP]
....................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 345
Shet..........  [VP]
...........  BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
...........  UK Counties and Regions Abbreviations [online] (1997-1998) accessed 16 Dec 2002
Shetland..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  A-Z: Great Britain (1996)
.................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 733
.................  Macmillan Encyclopedia 2001 (2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Oxford English Reference Dictionary (1996)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 182
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 355
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1108; 1373
Shetland Islands..........  [VP]
.............................  Macmillan Encyclopedia 2001 (2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.............................  Oxford English Reference Dictionary (1996)
.............................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-160
Shetland Islands Area..........  [VP]
......................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Shetlands..........  [VP]
....................  Oxford English Reference Dictionary (1996)
Shetld..........  [VP]
.................  Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xviii
SHI..........  [VP]
...........  Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002).
UKW3..........  [VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Zetland..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Macmillan Encyclopedia 2001 (2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1108
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  A-Z: Great Britain (1996)
..................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
..................  BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
..................  Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002).
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 733
..................  Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xviii
..................  Macmillan Encyclopedia 2001 (2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2607640
..................  Oxford English Reference Dictionary (1996)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-160
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 182
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 345; 355
..................  UK Counties and Regions Abbreviations [online] (1997-1998) accessed 16 Dec 2002
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1108; 1373
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Oxford English Reference Dictionary (1996)
..........  Oxford Paperback Encyclopedia (1998)

 

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