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ID: 7029354
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7029354

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Hebron (inhabited place)  Hebron (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 31 32 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 31.5330  decimal degrees
Long: 035 06 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 35.1000  decimal degrees

Note: Hebron is one of the oldest cities in this region of Palestine, located 20 miles SSW from Jerusalem, at an altitude of 3,000 ft, at an important crossroads, in an agricultural region where grapes, cereal grains, and vegetables are produced. It is sacred to Jews, Muslims, and Christians because of its associations with the biblical patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and with King David. The Bible first mentions Hebron in connection with Abraham; the cave of Machpelah (also called the Cave of the Patriarchs; now enclosed by the Mosque of Ibrahim) is the traditional burial place of Abraham and Sarah, Isaac, Rebecca, Jacob, and Leah. In the Biblical story, David ruled the Hebrews from Hebron for seven years before moving his capital to Jerusalem. The city has been involved in many wars in Palestine; it was taken by Judas Maccabeus in the 2nd century BCE, destroyed by the Romans, conquered by Arabs in 636 CE, taken by Crusaders in 1099, taken by Saladin in 1187, later was part of the Ottoman Empire.

Names:
Al-khalīl (preferred,C,V,Arabic (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Al-khalīl Ar-raẖmān (C,V)  ............ in reference to Abraham, meaning 'The Beloved of [God] the Merciful'
Khalil-el-Rahman (C,V)
Al-Khalīl Ar-Raḥmān (C,V)
Al Khalīl (C,V)
Al-Khalīl (C,V)
Hebron (C,O,English-P,U,N)
H̲evron (C,V,Hebrew (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Al Khalil (C,V)
El Khalil (C,V)
El Khulil (C,V)
ʻAbron (C,V)
Saint Abraham (H,V,English,U,N)  ............ name used by Crusaders
Kirjath-Arba (H,V)
Kiryat Arbah (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of West Bank (occupied territory)  ........  West Bank (occupied territory) (P)
Hierarchy of Hebron (inhabited place)  ............  Hebron (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  the exact site of the ancient biblical and pre-biblical settlement of this name is disputed, although there has been habitation on the current site for millennia
town (C)
manufacturing center (C)  ............  industries include tanning, food processing, glassblowing, and the manufacture of sheepskin coats
agricultural center (C)
trade center (C)
religious center (C)
archaeological site (C)

Sources and Contributors:
ʻAbron..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003)
Al-Khalīl..........  [VP]
....................  Rand McNally Atlas (Reprinted 1994) I-5
Al Khalil..........  [VP]
....................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 336
Al Khalīl..........  [VP]
....................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Al-khalīl..........  [VP Preferred]
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) Accessed 04/09/2002.
Al-Khalīl Ar-Raḥmān..........  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 792
Al-khalīl Ar-raẖmān..........  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) Accessed 04/09/2002
El Khalil..........  [VP]
....................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003)
El Khulil..........  [VP]
....................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003)
Hebron..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) Accessed 04/09/2002.
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1985)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 82
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Wright, Travels in Palestine (1968)
H̲evron..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 792
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) Accessed 04/09/2002.
Khalil-el-Rahman..........  [VP]
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003)
Kirjath-Arba..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 383
Kiryat Arbah..........  [VP]
.......................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 380
Saint Abraham..........  [VP]
..........................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002)
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 383
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 792
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 04/09/2002; Accessed 04/09/2002.; Accessed 04/09/2002
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 380
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (Reprinted 1994) I-5
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 82
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 336
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Wright, Travels in Palestine (1968)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 04/09/2002.

 

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