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ID: 7016516
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Jubayl (inhabited place)  Jubayl (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 34 07 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 34.1167  decimal degrees
Long: 035 39 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 35.6500  decimal degrees

Note: May be oldest inhabited village in area; was seat of worship of Adonis; captured by Crusaders 1103; was lost to Saladin 1189; thrived in export of papyrus to Egypt; today noted for early Phoenician inscriptions and ruins of temple, citadel and tombs.

Names:
Jubayl (preferred,C,V,display,LC,O)
Djebeil (C,V)
Dschebeil (C,V)
Jebeil (C,V)
Jebail (C,V)
Jbeil (C,V)
Jebeyl (C,V)
Gebal (C,V)
Gebeil (C,V)
Byblos (H,V,S)  ............ ancient, hence name referring to "Bible"
Kubna (H,V,Ancient Egyptian (transliterated),U,N)  ............ ancient Egyptian
Gubla (H,V,Assyrian Neo-Aramaic,U,N)  ............ Akkadian
Jbail (C,V)
Chipēyl (C,V)
Zhĕpēyl (C,V)
Zhĕbēyl (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Lebanon (nation)  ........  Lebanon (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Mont-Liban, Mohafazat (governorate)  ............  Mont-Liban, Mohafazat (governorate) (P)
Hierarchy of Jubayl (inhabited place)  ................  Jubayl (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled since Neolithic period, became chief city of ancient Phoenicia after collapse of Egyptian New Kingdom
village (C)
archaeological site (C)
trade center (H)  ............  with Egypt
World Heritage Site (C)  ............  1984

Sources and Contributors:
Byblos..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 136
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 10279
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Chipēyl..........  [VP]
.................  Library of Congress Name Authority File 86856540, accessed 15 July 2010
Djebeil..........  [VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 576
Dschebeil..........  [VP]
....................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Gebal..........  [VP]
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 136
Gebeil..........  [VP]
.................  Minnesota State University at Mankato online (2000-)
Gubla..........  [VP]
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 29 April 2009
Jbail..........  [VP]
..............  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 15 July 2010
Jbeil..........  [VP]
..............  Beirut's Rubble, New York Times (1997)
Jebail..........  [VP]
.................  Parrot, Sumer (1961) table of sites
Jebeil..........  [VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 576
Jebeyl..........  [VP]
.................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Jubayl..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Library of Congress Name Authority File 86856540, accessed 15 July 2010
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Kubna..........  [VP]
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 29 April 2009
Zhĕbēyl..........  [VP]
.................  Library of Congress Name Authority File 86856540, accessed 15 July 2010
Zhĕpēyl..........  [VP]
.................  Library of Congress Name Authority File 86856540, accessed 15 July 2010
Subject: .....  [GRLPSC, VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Beirut's Rubble, New York Times (1997)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 136
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 10279
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 15 July 2010
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 576
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988)

 

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