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ID: 7014272
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Portland (inhabited place)  Portland (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 43 39 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 43.6500  decimal degrees
Long: 070 15 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -70.2500  decimal degrees

Note: Located in SW Maine on Casco Bay; state's largest city; decimated by Indians in 1637 and in 1690; during American Revolution British destroyed city in 1775; Enterprise & Boxer naval battle took place here during War of 1812; birthplace of poet Longfellow.

Names:
Portland (preferred,C,V)
Falmouth (H,V)  ............ from 1632 until independently incorporated in 1786
Machigonne (H,O)
Indigreat (H,V)
Elbow (H,V)
The Neck (H,V)
Casco (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Maine (state)  ............  Maine (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Cumberland (county)  ................  Cumberland (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Portland (inhabited place)  ....................  Portland (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded in 1632 by Englishmen Richard Tucker & George Cleeve, incorporated as city in 1832
city (C)  ............  since 1832
county seat (C)
port (C)
manufacturing center (C)  ............  for pulp, paper, canned goods, textiles, lumber, chemicals, fishing, printing & footwear
industrial center (C)  ............  for machinery, shipbuilding & metal goods
educational center (C)  ............  includes University of Maine at Portland-Gorham & Westbrook College
cultural center (C)  ............  site of museums, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's home, Tate House, & Portland Headlight lighthouse, ordered by George Washington
tourist center (C)  ............  includes Two Lights & Crescent Beach state parks & hilly peninsulas which overlook Casco Bay & islands
capital (H)  ............  of state from 1820 to 1832

Sources and Contributors:
Casco..........  [VP]
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 628
Elbow..........  [VP]
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 628
Falmouth..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 750
Indigreat..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 628
Machigonne..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 628
Portland..........  [BHA, FDA, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 750
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 628
.................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS23013887
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 972
The Neck..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 628
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 750
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 628
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS23013887
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 972
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988)

 

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