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ID: 7014214
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of New Orleans (inhabited place)  New Orleans (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 29 57 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 29.9500  decimal degrees
Long: 090 04 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -90.0667  decimal degrees

Note: Located at mouth of Mississippi-Missouri river body; largest city in Louisiana; founded by French; ceded to Spain in 1763; won final victory over British in War of 1812; seceded from Union at onset of Civil War; Union navy obtained site in 1862; site of famous Mardi Gras festival; birthplace of jazz; noted for mixed culture of French, Spanish, African, Arcadian (Canadian), Native American, English, Irish, German, and Caribbean descent.

Names:
New Orleans (preferred,C,V)
Nouvelle-Orléans (C,V)  ............ founded with this name, after the French regent, the Duc d'Orléans
Nouvelle-Orleans (C,V)
Neuva Orleans (C,V)
Nueva Orleans (C,V)
Crescent City (C,V)  ............ originated from city's location on east bank of river where river carves land in shape of a crescent

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Louisiana (state)  ............  Louisiana (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Orleans (parish (political))  ................  Orleans (parish (political)) (P)
Hierarchy of New Orleans (inhabited place)  ....................  New Orleans (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded in 1717 by de Bienville as a French colony, city incorporated in 1805 after Louisiana Purchase by USA
city (C)  ............  since 1805
county seat (C)
port (C)  ............  known as important export & import center for grains, agricultural goods, chemicals, textiles, oil, tobacco & paperboard
commercial center (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  includes metal items, transportation equipment & petrochemicals, which are the origin of polluted water problem
manufacturing center (C)  ............  for food products, clothing, clothing accessories, articles made of stone, clay, glass, furniture, aluminum, soap & fish oil
educational center (C)  ............  houses Tulane University, Loyola University, Dillard University, U. of New Orleans, & formerly Saint Mary's Dominican College
cultural center (C)  ............  famous for New Orleans jazz music
tourist center (C)  ............  includes museums, Spanish & French architecture of French Quarter, French Market, Jackson Square & St. Louis Cathedral
resort (C)  ............  recreational attractions include zoological gardens, water sports, the Louisiana Superdome, racetrack & carnivals
capital (H)  ............  of French Colony of Louisiana in 1722 until ceded to Spain by Treaty of Paris in 1763; of Louisiana when it became part of Union from 1812 to 1849

Sources and Contributors:
Crescent City..........  [VP]
..........................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 641
Neuva Orleans..........  [VP]
..........................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22011875
New Orleans..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:656
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 8:640-641
.......................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22011875
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 837, 839
Nouvelle-Orleans..........  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXIV, 864
.............................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22011875
Nouvelle-Orléans..........  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 06/02/99
Nueva Orleans..........  [VP]
..........................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22011875
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 656; 2:656
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 640-641; VIII, 641; XXIV, 864; 8:640-641
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 06/02/99
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22011875
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 837, 839
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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