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ID: 7013727
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Houston (inhabited place)  Houston (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 29 45 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 29.7500  decimal degrees
Long: 095 21 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -95.3500  decimal degrees

Note: Connected with Gulf of Mexico by huge ship canal; early center was destroyed by Mexican general Santa Ana in Texas Revolution; during American Civil War city was refuge for blockade escapees; completion of canal & discovery of oil stimulated growth.

Names:
Houston (preferred,C,V)  ............ named for Sam Houston (died 1863), American general, politician & president of the Republic of Texas
Harrisburg (H,V)
Houston City (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Texas (state)  ............  Texas (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Harris (county)  ................  Harris (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Houston (inhabited place)  ....................  Houston (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled in 1824, expanded greatly in 20th cen.
city (C)  ............  incorporated in 1837
county seat (C)
port (C)  ............  now a deepwater port, was connected to Gulf of Mexico by Houston Ship Canal in 1914
petroleum refining center (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  for meatpacking & production of steel, sulfur, lumber, lime, salt, electronic equipment & aerospace equipment
shipbuilding center (C)
commercial center (C)
transportation center (C)  ............  was an early rail center
port of entry (C)
scientific center (C)  ............  includes Lyndon B Johnson Space Center which is headquarters for flights by United States astronauts
publishing center (C)
agricultural center (C)  ............  for rice, cotton & cattle
educational center (C)  ............  includes Rice University, University of Houston, Houston Baptist University, Texas Southern University & medical schools
cultural center (C)  ............  includes symphony orchestra, ballet, opera, theatre, Astrodome for football & baseball teams & Astrohall for livestock shows
tourist center (C)  ............  includes zoological gardens, Museum of Fine Arts, Contemporary Arts Museum, Burke Baker Planetarium & other museums
capital (H)  ............  of the Texas Republic, 1837-1839

Sources and Contributors:
Harrisburg..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 86
Houston..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 6:86
.................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS48051524
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 515
Houston City..........  [VP]
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS48051524
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 86; 6:86
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS48051524
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 515
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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