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ID: 7013547
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Detroit (inhabited place)  Detroit (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 42 19 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 42.3167  decimal degrees
Long: 083 02 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -83.0333  decimal degrees

Note: Located on Detroit river; French established fort & fur-trading post here in 1701; captured by British in French and Indian Wars in 1760; passed to US in 1796; destroyed by fire in 1805; city was rebuilt and flourished after introduction of steamboats.

Names:
Detroit (preferred,C,V)  ............ this shortened version of the French name was first used by the British
Ville d'Étroit (H,V)  ............ original French name, meaning "city of the strait [i.e., of the short Detroit river that joins 2 large lakes]"
Fort-Pontchartrain-du-Détroit (H,V)  ............ a variant name of original settlement, Pontchartrain was the name of the patron of the founder
Fort Pontchartrain Détroit (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Michigan (state)  ............  Michigan (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Wayne (county)  ................  Wayne (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Detroit (inhabited place)  ....................  Detroit (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  Amerindians lived in the area prior to arrival of Europeans; post founded by Frenchman Antoine de Lamothe Cadillac in 1701
city (C)  ............  incorporated in 1824
county seat (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  developed after Civil War, especially known for automobile production that was initially encouraged by Henry Ford
transportation center (C)  ............  for major water traffic from Lakes Erie to St. Clair since 1818, today also for rail, road & air traffic
agricultural center (C)  ............  has long been center for processing & forwarding agricultural produce, especially noted for flour-milling
university center (C)  ............  for Wayne State, University of Detroit, also center for Cranbrook Academy of Art, Institute of Art & other institutions
cultural center (C)  ............  has museums of art & transportation, symphony orchestra; noted for development of music including rhythm & blues, & jazz
capital (H)  ............  of Michigan Territory, from 1805; of Michigan state, from 1837 until the capital was transferred to Lansing in 1847

Sources and Contributors:
Detroit..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:240
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS26006111
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Fort Pontchartrain Détroit..........  [VP]
...............................................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 240
Fort-Pontchartrain-du-Détroit..........  [VP]
..................................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 40-41
Ville d'Étroit..........  [VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 240
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 240; 1:240
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 40-41
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS26006111
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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