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ID: 7013463
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Buffalo (inhabited place)  Buffalo (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 42 53 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 42.8833  decimal degrees
Long: 078 52 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -78.8667  decimal degrees

Note: Located on Lake Erie where it narrows into Niagara River; here explorer La Salle built ship in 1679; was French trading post in 1758, but abandoned; then settled by Seneca Indians, taken by Holland Land Company 19th cen.; expanded greatly after Civil War.

Names:
Buffalo (preferred,C,V)  ............ early name, probably was mispronunciation of French "beau fleuve" ("beautiful river"); no buffalo (bison) inhabited the area
New Amsterdam (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of New York (state)  ............  New York (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Erie (county)  ................  Erie (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Buffalo (inhabited place)  ....................  Buffalo (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first Europeans on the site were French trappers & Jesuit missionaries in 17th cen., town was laid out in 1803
city (C)
county seat (C)  ............  since 1821
port (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  for iron & steel mills, railroad car production, flour mills & meat-packing plants
shipbuilding center (C)
transportation center (C)  ............  natural junction of E-W routes from Hudson-Mohawk valleys to Great Lakes basin; today is hub for water, rail & road traffic
university center (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Buffalo..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:130
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 2:607
.................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS36003486
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
New Amsterdam..........  [VP]
..........................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 607
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 130; 1:130
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 607; 2:607
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS36003486
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust