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ID: 7013425
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Birmingham (inhabited place)  Birmingham (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 33 31 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 33.5167  decimal degrees
Long: 086 48 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -86.8000  decimal degrees

Note: Located in N central Alabama; Birmingham was founded near Elyton by land company at junction of E-W & N-S railroads; leading industrial center of South, known for iron & steel; site of civil rights drives led by Martin Luther King, Jr.

Names:
Birmingham (preferred,C,V)  ............ named for Birmingham, England
Elyton (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Alabama (state)  ............  Alabama (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Jefferson (county)  ................  Jefferson (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Birmingham (inhabited place)  ....................  Birmingham (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  site was settled as Elyton in 1813, Birmingham was founded nearby in 1870 & later merged with Elyton
city (C)  ............  incorporated in 1871, now the largest city in the state
county seat (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  for iron & steel, mining machinery, steel tanks, freight cars, metal products, aircraft & chemicals, now diversifying
mining center (C)  ............  for coal, hematite, limestone, dolomite, graphite, marble, bauxite & other minerals
manufacturing center (C)  ............  for electrical equipment, cotton products, food processing, carbide, acetylene, shellac, waxes, spices, grits & cement
port of entry (C)  ............  with barge canal leading to seaport of Mobile on the Gulf of Mexico
medical center (C)  ............  for medical & dental colleges of University of Alabama, Southern Research Institute & many specialized hospitals & clinics
educational center (C)  ............  for Birmingham Southern, Daniel Payne & Miles colleges, for University of Alabama in Birmingham & for Samford University
tourist center (C)  ............  for Museum of Art, opera, theater, ballet, symphony, State Fair, Camellia Show, Festival of Arts & antebellum homes

Sources and Contributors:
Birmingham..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 234-235
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS1002121
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 148
Elyton..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 234-235
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 234-235
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS1002121
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 148
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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