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ID: 7012656
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Pirmasens (inhabited place)  Pirmasens (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 49 12 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 49.2000  decimal degrees
Long: 007 36 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 7.6000  decimal degrees

Note: The German city of Pirmasens is located some 40 miles west northwest of Karlsruhe near the French border. It originally belonged to the counts of Hanau-Lichtenberg. It came into the possession of Hessen-Darmstadt in 1736. Receiving its charter in 1763, it was taken by the French in 1794, then went to Bavaria in 1816. the city became noted for the manufacture of leather goods, especially footwear, in the 19th century. It was severely damaged in World War II, but has since been rebuilt and continues to be an international center for the manufacture of shoes. Its calculated population for 2005 was 43,539.

Names:
Pirmasens (preferred,C,V)  ............ named for St. Pirmen, who reputedly preached here in 8th cen.

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Rhineland Palatinate (state)  ............  Rhineland Palatinate (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Pirmasens (inhabited place)  ................  Pirmasens (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  established by 8th cen., chartered in 1736
city (C)
manufacturing center (C)
transportation center (C)
battlefield (H)  ............  French were defeated here on September 14, 1793 by the duke of Braunschweig during French Revolutionary Wars

Sources and Contributors:
Pirmasens..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 738
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 467
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
....................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 957
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 738
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 467
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1843341
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 957
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust