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ID: 7012329
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Leipzig (inhabited place)  Leipzig (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 51 20 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 51.3333  decimal degrees
Long: 012 25 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 12.4167  decimal degrees

Note: The eastern German city of Leipzig is situated at the junction of the Pleisse, Parthe, and Weisse Elster rivers, some 113 miles southwest of Berlin. By the 11th century it had developed as a fortified settlement at the intersection of major European trade routes. It was first mentioned in 1015 under the name Urbs Libzi, and was granted town status by 1170. It quickly became a commercial center, and the agriculture of the fertile Leipzig basin made it a notable market town. Famed for printing since 1470, by 1700 it was the most important German center of commerce, and did a busy trade in books, textiles, and furs. In 1839 the first German railway was built between Dresden and Leipzig, promoting the growth of industries such as metallugy. Leipzig also became a cultural center, famed as the home of J.S. Bach who, in his later years, was the city's director of church music. It was heavily damaged in World War II, and was extensively rebuilt. New post-war industries include the manufactures of machine tools, garments, and electronics. The great Leipzig Fair held every spring is the major market for trade between eastern and western Europe. The city remains a cultural leader with the University of Leipzig founded in 1409, academies of music, bookmaking, and drama, an orchestra, and an opera house. Surviving and restored historic architecture includes the Old Town Hall, the Old Commercial Exchange, and the 13th-century St. Thomas' church. The calculated population for 2005 was 492,637.

Names:
Leipzig (preferred,C,V)
Leipsic (C,V)
Lipsia (C,V)  ............ ancient name, and modern Italian name
Lipsk (H,V)
Urbs Libzi (H,V)  ............ name documented in 1015

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Saxony (state)  ............  Saxony (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Leipzig (inhabited place)  ................  Leipzig (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first documented in1015
city (C)
trade center (C)  ............  annual trade fairs have been held here since ca. 1170; status was raised to "imperial" fairs in 1497
industrial center (C)  ............  traditionally for book publishing and furs, also for constructional engineering, electrical products, textiles and chemicals
commercial center (C)  ............  was leading commercial center of Germany by 1700
transportation center (C)  ............  hub of railway lines, major roads and air traffic
cultural center (C)  ............  was base for JS Bach, R Schumann and F Mendelssohn; today noted for museums of art, dramatic art, music and bookmaking
religious center (H)  ............  noted as site of debates between Martin Luther and Catholic theologian, Johann Maier von Eck in 1519
battlefield (H)  ............  for three important battles in Thirty Years' War in 17th century; for Battle of Leipzig, or Battle of Nations, where Napoleon was defeated by Austrian, Prussian and Russian armies in 1813

Sources and Contributors:
Leipsic..........  [GRLPSC]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Leipzig..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Leipzig." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9047690&query=leipzig&ct=#TOP (26 Jan. 2005)
.................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 111
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Lipsia..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 294
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 660
Lipsk..........  [VP]
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 512
Urbs Libzi..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Leipzig." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9047690&query=leipzig&ct=#TOP (26 Jan. 2005)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 512
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 294
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Leipzig." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9047690&query=leipzig&ct=#TOP (26 Jan. 2005)
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 111
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 660
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Leipzig." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9047690&query=leipzig&ct=#TOP (26 Jan. 2005)
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) (26 Jan. 2005)

 

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