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ID: 7011781
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of London (inhabited place)  London (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 51 30 51 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 51.5142  decimal degrees
Long: 000 05 35 W  degrees minutes   Long: -0.0931  decimal degrees

Note: Longtime seat of the British Empire and capital of the United Kingdom. It lies astride the River Thames 50 miles (about 80 km) upstream from its estuary on the North Sea. It has burned and been rebuilt several times, notably in revolt of Queen Boudicca in 60 CE and in the Great Fire of 1666. It became a large trade center in the Middle Ages and expanded rapidly during the 16th and17th centuries and during the Industrial Revolution. During World War II the city was heavily bombed. London is not to be confused with Greater London which refers to all 32 London boroughs (Inner and Outer London boroughs) and the City of London; London is used to refer to the 12 Inner London boroughs and the City of London.

Names:
London (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Londres (C,V,French-P,U,N)
Londra (C,V,Italian-P,U,N)
Londen (C,V,Dutch-P,U)
Londinion (H,V)
Londinium (H,V)  ............ documented in 115; derivative of the Old Irish stem "londo," meaning wild or bold, and probably referring to local tribal name
Londinium Augusta (H,V)  ............ Roman
Londinos (H,V)  ............ Celtic name
Lundenburg (H,V)
Lundenceaster (H,V)
Lundene (H,V)
Lundenne (H,V)
Lundenwic (H,V)  ............ Saxon name
Lundin (H,V)
Lundinium (H,V)
Lundonia (H,V)
Lundres (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Greater London (metropolitan area)  ................  Greater London (metropolitan area) (P)
Hierarchy of London (inhabited place)  ....................  London (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Britannia (province)  ........  Britannia (province) (P)
Hierarchy of London (inhabited place)  ............  London (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  established as a Roman town ca. 43 CE, after the Emperor Claudius invaded England
city (C)  ............  since the late 6th century
national capital (C)  ............  of the United Kingdom
capital (C)  ............  of the country of England
county seat (C)
tourist center (C)
industrial center (C)
river port (C)
trade center (C)
manufacturing center (C)
cultural center (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  since the late 6th century
provincial capital (H)  ............  of the Roman provinces Britannia Superior and Maxima Caesariensis
Roman (H)
Romano-British (H)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Britannia Superior .......... (province)
..................  (World, Roman Republic and Empire, Britannia) [6000962]
capital of ....  Maxima Caesariensis .......... (province)
..................  (World, Roman Republic and Empire, Britannia, Britannia Superior) [7030355]
..................  from the early 4th century CE

Sources and Contributors:
Londen..........  [VP]
.................  De Bosatlas van Nederland (2007)
Londinion..........  [VP]
....................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 303
Londinium..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
....................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8486
....................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 303
....................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Londinium Augusta..........  [VP]
................................  Atlas of Greek & Roman World (1981) 44
Londinos..........  [VP]
.................  London (1997) 5
London..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
.................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database (1987-)
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:528-529
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 7:457-485, XXIII, 291-306
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 114
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Londra..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 296
Londres..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-100
Lundenburg..........  [VP]
.......................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 303
Lundenceaster..........  [VP]
..........................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 303
Lundene..........  [VP]
.................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 303
Lundenne..........  [VP]
.................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 303
Lundenwic..........  [VP]
....................  London (1997) 106
Lundin..........  [VP]
.................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 303
Lundinium..........  [VP]
....................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 303
Lundonia..........  [VP]
.................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 303
Lundres..........  [VP]
.................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 303
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Atlas of Greek & Roman World (1981) 44
..................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
..................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database (1987-)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 528-529; 1:528-529
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 296
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 457-485, XXIII, 291-306; 7:457-485, XXIII, 291-306
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8486
..................  London (1997) 106; 5
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2601889
..................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 303
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-100
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 114
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 22 August 2003

 

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