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ID: 7010477
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Manchester (inhabited place)  Manchester (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 53 30 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 53.5000  decimal degrees
Long: 002 13 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -2.2167  decimal degrees

Note: Located on the River Irwell; destroyed by Danes in 870 and rebuilt in 920; prototype of industrial city, with cotton mills and mining; world's first railway in 1830 and major inland port with opening of canal 1894; known for its reform movements and liberal policies; textile tradition here dates back to 14th-century Flemish weavers; home of the Halle Orchestra and Old Trafford cricket ground.

Names:
Manchester (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Cottonopolis (H,V,P)  ............ 19th-century nickname, referring to the cotton industry that thrived here
Mamecaster (H,O)
Mamecestre (H,V)  ............ recorded in 1086
Mamucium (H,O)
Mancenion (H,O)
Mancunium (H,O)
Memcestre (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Greater Manchester (county)  ................  Greater Manchester (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Manchester (urban district)  ....................  Manchester (urban district) (P)
Hierarchy of Manchester (inhabited place)  ........................  Manchester (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Northumbria (historical region)  ................  Northumbria (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Manchester (inhabited place)  ....................  Manchester (inhabited place)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Britannia (province)  ........  Britannia (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Manchester (inhabited place)  ............  Manchester (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first established as a Roman stronghold ca. 78
city (C)  ............  chartered in 1301
county seat (C)
industrial center (C)
port (C)
transportation center (C)
manufacturing center (C)
mining center (C)
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Cottonopolis..........  [VP]
.......................  Digging Up Cottonopolis, BBC (2006) accessed 13 November 2006
Mamecaster..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 560
Mamecestre..........  [VP]
.......................  Domesday Book (1985) 156
Mamucium..........  [VP]
.................  Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988)
.................  Hutchinson Family Encyclopedia Online accessed 8/01
Mancenion..........  [VP]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 560
Manchester..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
.......................  Blue Guide: England (1980) 539-543
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 560-561
.......................  Domesday Book (1985) 156
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXIII, 505-506
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Mancunium..........  [VP]
....................  Blue Guide: England (1980) II, 560
....................  Hutchinson Family Encyclopedia Online accessed 8/01
Memcestre..........  [VP]
....................  Blue Guide: England (1980) II, 560
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000)
..................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
..................  Blue Guide: England (1980) 539-543; II, 560
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 560; II, 560-561
..................  Digging Up Cottonopolis, BBC (2006) accessed 13 November 2006
..................  Domesday Book (1985) 156
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXIII, 505-506
..................  Hutchinson Family Encyclopedia Online accessed 8/01
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2602512
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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