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ID: 7008803
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Orange (inhabited place)  Orange (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 44 08 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 44.1333  decimal degrees
Long: 004 48 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 4.8000  decimal degrees

Note: Located in a fertile plain on the right bank of the Rhône River, north of Avignon; the Battle of Arausio was here in 105 BCE in which the Romans were defeated by the Cimbri and Teutones; later conquered by Rome; became episcopal see in the 3rd century; an earldom ca. 800; independent in the 11th century; inherited by William the Silent in 1554; conquered by Louis XIV in 1672; ceded to France in 1713 by the Treaty of Utrecht; famous today for its Roman ruins including a semicircular theater that is the best preserved of its kind and a triumphal arch that is one of the Roman Empire's largest.

Names:
Orange (preferred,C,V)
Arausio (H,V)  ............ ancient; the name of a Gaulish god
Colonia Firma Julia Secundanorum Arausio (H,O)  ............ Roman

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of France (nation)  ........  France (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (region (administrative division))  ............  Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Orange (inhabited place)  ................  Orange (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of France (nation)  ........  France (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Provence (historical region)  ............  Provence (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Orange (inhabited place)  ................  Orange (inhabited place)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Gaul (historical region)  ........  Gaul (historical region) (P)
Hierarchy of Gallia Narbonensis (province)  ............  Gallia Narbonensis (province) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Orange (inhabited place)  ................  Orange (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was ancient capital of the Celtic Cavares
town (C)
commune (administrative) (C)
archaeological site (C)
earldom (H)
episcopal see (H)
Gallo-Roman (H)

Sources and Contributors:
Arausio..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8429
Colonia Firma Julia Secundanorum Arausio..........  [VP]
.................................................................  MacKendrick, Roman France (1971) 99
Orange..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 690
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Michel: Dictionnaire des Communes (1984)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 145
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2; 690; II, 690
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8429
..................  MacKendrick, Roman France (1971) 99
..................  Michel: Dictionnaire des Communes (1984)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 145
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 8 November 2004

 

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