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ID: 7007960
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Namur (inhabited place)  Namur (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 28 12 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.4699  decimal degrees
Long: 004 49 33 E  degrees minutes   Long: 4.8258  decimal degrees

Note: The city is the capital of the province of Namur, situated at the confluence of the Sambre and Meuse Rivers. It was a fortified town in pre-Roman times, and became the seat of the counts of Namur from 908; their citadel on a rocky outcrop between the two rivers was refortified several times over the centuries and not abandoned for good until 1862. It passed to Burgundy in 1421, and to the new nation of Belgium with the rest of the Burgundian Netherlands in 1830. Its strategic location on the various routes into France meant that the city was often the scene of conflict in the 17th and from the 19th to the 20th centuries. It underwent considerable damage during both World Wars. Despite this, many historic structures remain, such as the Baroque cathedral of St. Aubain, the Jesuit church of St. Loup, the convent of the Sisters of Our Lady, containing 13th-century treasures of silver and gold craftsmanship; and the Meat Hall, built in 1588, which houses the archaeological museum. Its industries include tourism, glass, paper, leather goods, steel products, and cement. Its 2003 estimated population was 105,700.

Names:
Namur (preferred,C,V,French,U,N)
Namen (C,V,Flemish,U,N)
Namurcum (H,O,Latin,U,N)  ............ ancient

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Belgium (nation)  ........  Belgium (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Wallonia (region (administrative division))  ............  Wallonia (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Namur (province)  ................  Namur (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Namur (inhabited place)  ....................  Namur (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Flanders (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Flanders (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Namur (inhabited place)  ............  Namur (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  established as a pre-Roman fortified town
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  since 1559
industrial center (C)
transportation center (C)
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Namen..........  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..............  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Namur..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
..............  Canadian Centre for Architecture database (1987-)
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:635
..............  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 8:495
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 136
Namurcum..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8446
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database (1987-)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 635; 2:635
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 495; 8:495
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8446
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1965962
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 136
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 15 September 2003
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 15 September 2003

 

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