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ID: 7007945
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Liège (inhabited place)  Liège (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 38 19 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.6387  decimal degrees
Long: 005 34 13 E  degrees minutes   Long: 5.5702  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Liège is located at the confluence of the Ourthe and Meuse Rivers in the province of Liège, of which it is the capital, in eastern Belgium. The site of an ancient settlement, the Romans knew it as Leodium. It was established as a town and bishopric in 721. It became a noted center of learning and art in the Middle Ages. Strife between the guilds and the nobles dominated the early 14th century until political equality was granted to the laborers and to most of the trade guilds in 1313. The town was sacked by Charles the Bold of Burgundy in 15th century, but after his death was rebuilt and prospered. Both France and England attacked it during the War of Spanish Succession. The reign of the nobles ended in 1789, but then France took the town in 1795. After the creation of Belgium in 1830, the town flourished as an industrial center. The German army occupied it in both world wars, and it suffered heavy bombardment in the Second World War. Today it produces steel, coal, glass, copper, and armaments. It has many Romanesque and Gothic churches, and the former palace of the prince-bishops, now the Palais de Justice. It is the cultural center of Wallonie, with many museums and concert halls, an opera, theatre, the state university, the preserved house of the composer César Franck, and the Royal Conservatory of Music. The 2003 estimated population was 185,700.

Names:
Liège (preferred,C,V,French,U,N)  ............ grave accent was approved over the acute in 1946
Luik (C,V,Flemish,U,N)
Lüttich (C,V,German,U,N)
Lieja (C,O)
Liegi (C,O)
Leodicum (NA,V,Latin,U)
Lige (NA,V)
Leodium (H,V,Ancient Latin,U,N)  ............ Roman
Liíege (H,V,French,U,N)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Belgium (nation)  ........  Belgium (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Wallonia (region (administrative division))  ............  Wallonia (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Liège (province)  ................  Liège (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Liège (inhabited place)  ....................  Liège (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Flanders (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Flanders (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Liège (inhabited place)  ............  Liège (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled in prehistoric times
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
river port (C)
commercial center (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  since 8th cen.
industrial center (C)  ............  produces steel, small arms & machinery
educational center (C)
scientific center (C)  ............  specializes in industrial research
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Leodicum..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Leodium..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 344
Liège..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
..............  Canadian Centre for Architecture database (1987-)
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 7:344
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 112
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Liegi..........  [VP]
..............  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 293
Lieja..........  [VP]
..............  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-97
Lige..........  [VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Liíege..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 520
Luik..........  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Lüttich..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-102
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database (1987-)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 520
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 293
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 344; 7:344
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1964016
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-102; I-97
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 112
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Liège", accessed 4 September
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) "Liège" http://www.world-gazetteer.com/fr/fr_be.htm. Accessed 4 September 2003

 

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