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ID: 7006776
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7006776

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Tarquinia (deserted settlement)  Tarquinia (deserted settlement)

Coordinates:
Lat: 42 15 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 42.2500  decimal degrees
Long: 011 45 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 11.7500  decimal degrees

Note: Ancient site located adjacent to the modern town of Tarquinia. Legendary founder was Tarchon (Strabo: Geography V); reputedly the oldest Etruscan city in Italy; noted as earliest settlement in Etruria of the Villanovans; came under Rome probably by late 4th century BCE; gained Roman citizenship in 90 BCE; ancient site was abandoned in 8th or 9th century CE, when modern Corneto (since 1922 known as Tarquinia too) was founded nearby; named part of an UNESCO World Heritage site with Banditaccia.

Names:
Tarquinia (preferred,C,V)  ............ name of ancient settlement
Tarchna (H,V)  ............ Etruscan variant name
Tarchuna (H,V)  ............ Etruscan variant name
T├írchuna (H,V)  ............ Etruscan variant name
Tarkunia (H,O)  ............ Greek name
Tarquinii (H,V,S)  ............ Roman name
Tarxna (H,V)  ............ Etruscan name
Tarxuna (H,V)
Turchinal (H,V)
Tarquinian (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Lazio (region (administrative division))  ............  Lazio (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Viterbo (province)  ................  Viterbo (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Tarquinia (deserted settlement)  ....................  Tarquinia (deserted settlement) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Etruria (former group of nations/states/cities)  ........  Etruria (former group of nations/states/cities) (P)
Hierarchy of Tarquinia (deserted settlement)  ............  Tarquinia (deserted settlement) (P,H) flourished 7th-3rd centuries BCE

Place Types:
deserted settlement (preferred, C)  ............  was site of several small, dispersed Iron Age settlements; settlements grew together & site became an ancient Etruscan city
archaeological site (C)  ............  especially noted for painted tombs & artifacts associated with burials; excavations here were first documented in 1489
World Heritage Site (C)  ............  from 2004
inhabited place (H)
necropolis (H)
Etruscan (H)

Related geographic places:
near/adjacent to ....  Graviscae .......... (deserted settlement)
..............................  (World, Europe, Italy, Lazio, Viterbo province) [6002336]
near/adjacent to ....  Tarquinia .......... (inhabited place)
..............................  (World, Europe, Italy, Lazio, Viterbo province) [7024305]

Sources and Contributors:
Tarchna..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 04/29/99
Tarchuna..........  [VP]
.................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 05/13/99
T├írchuna..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 04/29/99
Tarkunia..........  [VP]
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 05/13/99
Tarquinia..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
....................  Annuario Generale (1980)
....................  Google Maps online (2000-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 05/13/99
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Tarquinian..........  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Tarquinii..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
....................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 7984
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 05/13/99
....................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Tarxna..........  [VP]
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 05/13/99
.................  TCI: Lazio (1981) 167
Tarxuna..........  [VP]
.................  TCI: Lazio (1981) 167
Turchinal..........  [VP]
....................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 7984
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Annuario Generale (1980)
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire (2016-) http://dare.ht.lu.se/places/16705.html
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 04/29/99
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 7984
..................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 05/13/99
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -130484
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  TCI: Lazio (1981) 167
..................  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 20 July 2010
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)
..........  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 20 July 2010

 

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