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ID: 7006659
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7006659

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Turkmenistan (nation)  Turkmenistan (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 40 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 40.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 060 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 60.0000  decimal degrees

Note: The area known as present-day Turkmenistan was ruled by the Achaemenid Persians from the mid-3rd century BCE, until the 4th century CE, as part of the Parthian empire. From the 11th century, Turki tribes and Turkmen settled the region, and became part of the Seljuk dynasty, later fighting the Mongols. Following Mongol rule until the early 20th century, the region lacked a political unit, and consisted largely of independent tribes, or tribes allied to neighboring Persian khanates. Russians landed on the coast of Turkmenistan in 1869, and established the port city Krasnovodsk. Turkmens revolted frequently against the Russians, most notably in 1916, until Bolshevik control came in 1920. The Turkmen S. S. R. was created in 1924 out of the Turkmen province, combined with portions of the Khorezmian S. S. R. and the Bukharan S. S. R. In 1991, the country gained independence and officially became Turkmenistan. It is the least densely populated country in Central Asia, and is ninety per cent deserts. A large oasis region exists in eastern Turkmenistan which contains developed industry and major cities, although two-thirds of the population live in rural villages. Industries include natural gas, cattle raising, and cotton growing.

Names:
Türkmenistan (preferred,C,V,O,Turkmen,U,N)
Türkmenistan Jumhuriyäti (C,V)
Turkmenistan (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Turkmenskaya (C,O)
Turkménistan (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Turkmenistán (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
Republic of Turkmenistan (C,O)
Туркменистан (C,O,Russian-P,U)
土库曼斯坦 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
حرنماوس خان (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
TKM (C,O,ISO3L)
TM (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO795 (C,O,ISO3N)
TX00 (C,O,FIPS)
Turkmenskaja Sovetskaja Socialistčeskaja Respublika (H,V)  ............ 1925-1991
Turkmenskaya SSR (H,V)  ............ 1925-1991
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (H,O)  ............ 1925-1991
Turkmen SSR (H,O)  ............ 1925-1991
Turkmen (C,O,English,U,A)
Türkmen (C,O)
Turkmenian (C,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Turkmenistan (nation)  ........  Turkmenistan (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Soviet Union (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Soviet Union (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Turkmenistan (nation)  ............  Turkmenistan (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Russian Central Asia (former administrative division)  ........  Russian Central Asia (former administrative division) (P)
Hierarchy of Turkmenistan (nation)  ............  Turkmenistan (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Turkmenistan (nation)  ............  Turkmenistan (nation) (P,H) 612-330 BCE

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  became independent when the former USSR was dissolved on December 26, 1991
primary political unit (C)
republic (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Ashgabat .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Turkmenistan, Ahal) [7016623]
member of ....  Commonwealth of Independent States .......... (association)
................  (World) [1000094]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1992

Sources and Contributors:
Туркменистан..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
土库曼斯坦..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
حرنماوس خان..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
ISO795..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
Republic of Turkmenistan..........  [VP]
.........................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 734
TKM..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-30
TM..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
Turkmen..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 38
Türkmen..........  [VP]
.................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
Turkmenian..........  [VP]
.......................  Grove Art Online (2008-) "Akhmedov, Abdulla"; accessed 15 December 2010
Turkmenistan..........  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 720-721
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:954
.......................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.......................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-180
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 38
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 203
.......................  USBGN Bulletin 16 (1998)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1237
Turkménistan..........  [VP]
.......................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-30
Turkmenistán..........  [VP]
.......................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 86
Türkmenistan..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Türkmenistan Jumhuriyäti..........  [VP]
.........................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 734
Turkmenskaja Sovetskaja Socialistčeskaja Respublika..........  [VP]
...................................................................................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) I-181
Turkmenskaya..........  [VP]
.......................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 666-667
Turkmenskaya SSR..........  [FDA, VP]
.............................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic..........  [VP]
........................................................  Rand McNally Atlas (1991) I-164
Turkmen SSR..........  [FDA, VP]
.......................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 358
TX00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 89
Subject: .....  [FDA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 720-721
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 734
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 666-667
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 954; 2:954
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 10 August 2004
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
..................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-30
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 89
..................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) I-181
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1991) I-164
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-180
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 38
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 203
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 358
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 86
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 38
..................  USBGN Bulletin 16 (1998)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1237
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 12 August 2004

 

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