The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Thesaurus of Geographic Names Full Record Display
Thesaurus of Geographic Names Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Vernacular Display | English Display

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 7005289
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Hamburg (inhabited place)  Hamburg (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 53 33 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 53.5500  decimal degrees
Long: 010 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 10.0000  decimal degrees

Note: The northern German city of Hamburg is located on Elbe River, which connects it to the North Sea. It is one of Europe's busiest ports and Germany's largest port and commercial and industrial city. The site was first used for a fortress against the Slavs built by Charlemagne in 825. With L├╝beck, it formed the Hanseatic League in 1241, and grew steadily over the next several centuries as a trade center. It accepted the Reformation in 1529 and became Protestant. Hamburg went its own way as the Hanseatic League gradually faded from existence; a stock exchange was founded there in 1558 and the bank of Hamburg was established in 1619. Napoleon I annexed it to the French Empire in 1810, and after his fall it joined the German Confederation, all the while retaining its traditional self-government to a large degree. The city was devastated by fire in 1842, but was rebuilt. It suffered terrible destruction by bombing in World War II, but its value as a port soon lead to its restoration and the resumption of its busy economic life. It is cosmopolitan in character with fine art collections in its museums, a world famous opera and two symphony orchestras, and a famous red-light district where prostitution is legal. The 2004 estimated population was 1,731,200.

Names:
Hamburg (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Hambourg (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Hamburgo (C,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Hamburg (state)  ............  Hamburg (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Hamburg (inhabited place)  ................  Hamburg (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded 808-811
city (C)
state capital (C)
port (C)  ............  though it lies 68 miles upstream from from North Sea outlet, city has long been a major maritime center
industrial center (C)
commercial center (C)
shipbuilding center (C)
trade center (C)  ............  for international trade, especially for western Europe & Scandinavia; handles over half of Germany's imports
cultural center (C)
scientific center (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  established in 831
political center (H)  ............  was member of German Confederation in 1815, scene of communist rioting in 1923
imperial city (H)  ............  imperial residence from ca. 1510
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Hambourg..........  [VP]
.................  Benezit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-68
Hamburg..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:371
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 5:655-656
.................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 80
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 484
Hamburgo..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-68
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Benezit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:371
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 5:655-656
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Hamburg (Germany) NAF81086822, accessed 11 June 2004
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1785434
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-68
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 80
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 484
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:371
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 11 June 2004
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 11 June 2004

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust