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ID: 7005286
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Bremen (inhabited place)  Bremen (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 53 05 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 53.0833  decimal degrees
Long: 008 48 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 8.8000  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Bremen is located on both banks of the Weser River in northern Germany, about forty miles from the North Sea. The initial settlement developed at the junction of important European trade routes. The emperor Charlemagne established a diocese there in 787, which by 845 was an archbishopric including all of Scandinavia, Iceland, and Greenland. In 1358 it became a Hanseatic city, and a highly dynamic commercial center. It continued long as a free imperial city, resisting aggression from Sweden and Hanover. It joined the Germany Confederation in 1815 and the German Empire in 1871. Its excellent facilities and prime location made it a highly strategic shipping and receiving point in both World Wars, and it was heavily bombarded in World War II. Its old town took a heavy beating, losing around 69% of its buildings. Much of its historic architecture has been restored, however, including the medieval market place with its 11th century cathedral, a row of medieval gabled houses, the Romanesque town hall, and the 1404 statue of Roland. The modern city continues its traditionally busy commercial and industrial activity, featuring aircraft production, electronic consumer goods, and foodstuffs among many others. The 2004 estimated population was 545,000.

Names:
Bremen (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Freie Hansestadt Bremen (C,V)  ............ meaning "Free Hanseatic City-State of Bremen," so-called since Middle Ages
Brême (C,O)
Breme (H,V)  ............ name of earliest settlement here, on R bank of Weser river
Bremum (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Bremen (state)  ............  Bremen (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Bremen (inhabited place)  ................  Bremen (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was thriving center before episcopal see was established here in 8th century
city (C)
state capital (C)
port (C)
river settlement (C)
commercial center (C)
industrial center (C)
shipbuilding center (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  established in 787
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Brême..........  [VP]
..............  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-55
Breme..........  [VP]
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 497
Bremen..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 121
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 33
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 174
Bremum..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 497
Freie Hansestadt Bremen..........  [VP]
.........................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 497
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 121
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 497
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1752234
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-55
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 33
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 174
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 9 June 2004
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 9 June 2004

 

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