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ID: 7005248
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Hildesheim (inhabited place)  Hildesheim (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 52 09 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 52.1500  decimal degrees
Long: 009 58 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 9.9667  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Hildesheim is situated on the Innerste River in the foothills of the Harz Mountains in the district of Hanover in the German state of Lower Saxony. It lay on trade route between Köln and Magdeburg. A bishopric was founded there by Louis I the Pious, the son of Charlemagne. The city flourished under the prelates Bernward and Gotthard in the 11th century, and it had joined Hanseatic League by the time it received its charter in 1300. The city accepted the Protestant Reformation in 1542, though its bishops continued as princes of the Holy Roman Empire until 1803, when Prussia annexed the city. It changed hands again in 1815, passing into the possession of Hanover. It lost most of its historic architecture during the bombing of World War II, but a few have been reconstructed, among them the cathedral, with art treasures from the 11th century, and St, Michael's Church, which has a 12th century-painted ceiling. Other surviving structures are the Gothic town hall, St. Gotthard's Church, and the Tempelhaus, built 1484-90. Its industries include the manufacture of agricultural equipment, radio and television equipment, and cooking stoves. The 2004 estimated population was 103,500.

Names:
Hildesheim (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Lower Saxony (state)  ............  Lower Saxony (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Hildesheim (inhabited place)  ................  Hildesheim (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  originated as fort on major trade route, bishopric founded here in 815, chartered in 1300
city (C)
manufacturing center (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  founded in 815; town accepted Reformation in 1542, though its bishops were princes in Holy Roman Empire until 1803
cultural center (C)  ............  developed under Bishop Bernward in 11th century; today is noted for art and antiquities collections

Sources and Contributors:
Hildesheim..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:389
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 5:924
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 84
.......................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 503
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:389
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 5:924
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1791959
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 84
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 503
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:389
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Hildesheim." Encyclop0edia Britannica Online. 2002-. http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?eu=41318&tocid=0&query=hildesheim&ct=eb#TOP (12July 2004)
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 503

 

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