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ID: 7004799
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Aachen (inhabited place)  Aachen (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 46 15 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.7708  decimal degrees
Long: 006 06 19 E  degrees minutes   Long: 6.1053  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Aachen is located on the German frontier with Belgium and The Netherlands in the northwestern state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It was the site of Roman baths from the1st century BCE. It probably was birthplace of Charlemagne, who adopted the city as the second capital of the Holy Roman Empire and made it a center of learning and culture. From medieval times to the Reformation it served as the main coronation place of emperors and German kings. Destroyed in 881, it was rebuilt and in the late 12 century was fortified and obtained civic rights. It became a free imperial city around 1250. It began a decline in the 16th century, ceased to be the seat of imperial coronations in 1560, and was almost entirely burned in a great conflagration in 1656. It was the site of the signing of treaties to end the wars of Devolution in 1688 and of Austrian Succession in 1748. Annexed by France in 1801, it fell to Prussia by the Congress of Vienna in 1814-1815. Belgium occupied it briefly after World War I, and in World War II it was the first large German city to be taken by the Allies, in October 1944. Despite the bombing, much of its historic architecture has survived, in at least restored or rebuilt condition. Aachen Cathedral, a UNESCO World Heritage site, includes the famous Palatine Chapel of the Carolingian era, built between 790 and 805. Its choir and side chapels are Gothic. Notable medieval churches include St. Foillan's, St. Nicholas's, and St. Paul's, all of which began reconstruction right after being damaged. The town hall of around 1530 on the ruins of Charlemagne's palace and containing the wonderful Hall of the Emperors has also been restored. Culturally Aachen is am important city, with the Suermondt Ludwig Museum of Art in the market square, the international Newspaper Museum with examples of newspapers dating back to the 16th century, and many educational institutions, including the first university ever founded in Prussia (1870). The warmest ho springs in Germany are located in the suburb of Burtscheid. Aachen is also a center of industry and commerce, with nearly every type of heavy industry represented there. Goods such as chemicals, textiles, plastics, machinery, glass, electronics, and cosmetics are produced there. The estimated population for 2004 was 249,200.

Names:
Aachen (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Aachen (German,U,N)
Bad Aachen (C,V,German,U,N)
Aix-la-Chapelle (C,O,French,U,N)
Aken (C,O,Dutch,U,N)
Aquisgrana (C,O,Latin,U,N)
Aquisgrán (C,O)
Kreisfreie Stadt Aachen (NA,V)
Aachen, Kreisfreie Stadt (NA,V)
Aquae (H,O)
Aquae Grani (H,V)
Aquae Granni (H,V)  ............ Roman
Aquasgranum (H,O)
Aquense palatium (H,O)
Aquensis urbs (H,O)
Aquis (H,O)
Aquisgrani (H,O)
Aquis Granum (H,V)  ............ ancient name, refers to baths founded by Granus in 124 BC
Aquisgranum (H,V)
Aquis palatium (H,O)
Grani palatium (H,O)
Granis aquae (H,O)
Granum palatium (H,O)
Palatium aquae (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of North Rhine-Westphalia (state)  ............  North Rhine-Westphalia (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Aachen (inhabited place)  ................  Aachen (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was thermal station of ancient Romans, founded in 124 BCE
city (C)
manufacturing center (C)
transportation center (C)
tourist center (C)
spa center (C)
imperial city (H)  ............  rights given in 1166 and in 1215
royal residence (H)  ............  of Charlemagne, after 768
educational center (C)  ............  has the first university founded in Prussia, in 1870

Sources and Contributors:
Aachen..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Aachen." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9003197&query=Aachen&ct=eb#TOP (6 Dec. 2004)
.................  GRI Photo Study, Authority File (1989)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 6
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Aachen, Kreisfreie Stadt..........  [VP]
.........................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Aix-la-Chapelle..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.............................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Aken..........  [VP]
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 1:1-2
Aquae..........  [VP]
..............  Orbis Latinus (1971) 24
Aquae Grani..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1
Aquae Granni..........  [VP]
.......................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 76
Aquasgranum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 24
Aquense palatium..........  [VP]
.............................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 24
Aquensis urbs..........  [VP]
..........................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 24
Aquis..........  [VP]
..............  Orbis Latinus (1971) 24
Aquisgrán..........  [VP]
....................  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1990) 629
Aquisgrana..........  [VP]
.......................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 39
Aquisgrani..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 24
Aquisgranum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 24
.......................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 336
Aquis Granum..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 1
Aquis palatium..........  [VP]
.............................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 24
Bad Aachen..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:1
Grani palatium..........  [VP]
.............................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 24
Granis aquae..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 24
Granum palatium..........  [VP]
.............................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 24
Kreisfreie Stadt Aachen..........  [VP]
.........................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Palatium aquae..........  [VP]
.............................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 24
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 1; 1:1
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 39
..................  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1990) 629
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 1:1-2
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Aachen." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9003197&query=Aachen&ct=eb#TOP (6 Dec. 2004)
..................  GRI Photo Study, Authority File (1989)
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Aachen (Germany) NAF80046295 (6 Dec. 2004)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) 266925
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 24
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 76
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 6
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 336
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:1
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Aachen." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9003197&query=Aachen&ct=eb#TOP (6 Dec. 2004)
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1

 

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