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ID: 7004462
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Brandenburg (inhabited place)  Brandenburg (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 52 25 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 52.4167  decimal degrees
Long: 012 33 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 12.5500  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Brandenburg is situated on both banks of the Havel River in the district of Potsdam in the eastern German state of Brandenburg. The first settlement was on the south bank of the Havel and was founded by the West Slavic Hevelli tribe in the 6th century. It was captured by the German Henry I the Fowler in 928, but was not subdued until later. The Germans settled mainly on the north bank of the Havel It was rebuilt by the Ascanian Albert I in the 12th century, and gave its name to his margraviate. In 1715, the two settlements merged into one city. It was heavily damaged in World War II, but some historic architecture survived, notably the great cathedral originally built in 1165 in the Romanesque style, later rebuilt in Gothic style in the 14th century and extensively restored in the 1960s, St. Katherine's Church dating from the 14th century, and St. Jacob's Chapel built 1320. The modern city is a busy river port and shipbuilding center. Its manufacturing is based on local steel making and steelworking, and produces many kinds of machinery. Its 2004 estimated population was 131,900.

Names:
Brandenburg (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Brandenburg an der Havel (C,V)
Brandebourg (C,O)
Branibor (H,V)  ............ so-named by founding Hevelli tribe in 6th cen. AD
Brannaburg (H,V)
Brennabor (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Brandenburg (state)  ............  Brandenburg (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Brandenburg (inhabited place)  ................  Brandenburg (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded by Hevelli tribe in 512 CE, rebuilt by Margrave Albert I the Bear after 1157
city (C)  ............  original Slavic settlement on south bank and German community on north bank united under single municipality in 1715
industrial center (C)
shipbuilding center (C)  ............  site of major inland shipyard, producing fishing vessels
episcopal see (C)  ............  established in 948, reestablished permanently in 1161, became Lutheran in 1539

Sources and Contributors:
Brandebourg..........  [VP]
.......................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-24
Brandenburg..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.......................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 33
.......................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Brandenburg an der Havel..........  [VP]
.........................................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 169
Branibor..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 474
Brannaburg..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 474
Brennabor..........  [VP]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 118
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 118
..................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 474
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Brandenburg (Germany) NAF91075824, accessed 01 June 2004
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1751260
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-24
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 33
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 169
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 02 June 2004

 

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