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ID: 7004443
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7004443

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Dusseldorf (inhabited place)  Dusseldorf (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 51 13 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 51.2167  decimal degrees
Long: 006 46 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 6.7667  decimal degrees

Note: The northwestern German city of Düsseldorf is situated on both banks of the Rhine river some 21 miles northwest of Cologne. Known from at least 1159, it received its charter in 1288. It served as the capital of the duchies of Berg and Jülich from 1511 until it came under the Palatine-Neuberg line of rulers in 1609. It went to Prussia in 1815, and developed considerably in the 1870s as iron and steel industries and various commercial activities established themselves. World War II caused heavy damage to the city, but much of its historic architecture has been restored and much new development undertaken, notably the famous shopping street called the Königsallee. Restored historic structures include the 13th-14th-century St. Lambertuskirche, whose crooked tower has become the town symbol, the old town hall of 1567-1588, the tower of the castle of the electors palatine, built 1752-1763, Benrath Castle built 1755-1773 by Nicolas de Pigage, and the ruins of the palace of Frederick I Barbarossa. The first German skyscraper, the Wilhelm-Marx-Haus was built herein 1924. The city is a cultural center, housing a museum of ceramics, the state museum, and the city library, which features a collection of works by and about the poet Heinrich Heine, born in Düsseldorf. The city is a hub for transportation and communications, with an airport and three harbors. Economic activities include commerce and banking, and the manufacture of glass, chemicals, iron, steel, and textiles. The estimated population for 2004 was 572,900.

Names:
Düsseldorf (preferred,C,V,German,U,N)  ............ meaning "Village on the Düssel (tributary of Rhein)," name in use by 12th cen.
Dusseldorf (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Diussel'dorf (C,V,Germanic language,U,N)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of North Rhine-Westphalia (state)  ............  North Rhine-Westphalia (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Dusseldorf (inhabited place)  ................  Dusseldorf (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first documented in 1159, chartered in 1288, grew dramatically after 1870s
city (C)
state capital (C)  ............  of Nordrhein-Westfalen, since 1946
district capital (C)
port (C)
river settlement (C)
industrial center (C)
transportation center (C)  ............  has one nation's busiest airfields
commercial center (C)
educational center (C)  ............  famed for medical and art academies
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for palaces and art museums, as site of first skyscraper and nearby prehistoric remains
scientific center (C)
capital (H)  ............  of duchies of Berg & Jülich, from 1511
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Diussel'dorf..........  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules based on LC Name Authority File heading "Diussel'dorf (Germany)
Düsseldorf..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 4:299
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) 60
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988)
.......................  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 27 Nov. 2004
Dusseldorf..........  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
.......................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.......................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.......................  Van Marle, Pittura Italiana (1932)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 4:299
..................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules based on LC Name Authority File heading "Diussel'dorf (Germany)
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Düsseldorf (Germany) NAF80057014 (27 Nov. 2004)
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1762397
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) 60
..................  Van Marle, Pittura Italiana (1932)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988)
..................  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 27 Nov. 2004
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Düsseldorf." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9031602&query=Dusseldorf&ct=eb (27 Nov. 2004)
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988)
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 27 Nov. 2004

 

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