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ID: 7004432
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Wiesbaden (inhabited place)  Wiesbaden (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 05 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.0833  decimal degrees
Long: 008 15 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 8.2500  decimal degrees

Note: Located on the Rhein River W of Frankfurt; famed for thermal springs since Roman times; was site of Franconian palace by 9th century. was important medieval center; ruled by Nassau from 13th century. went to Prussia in 1866; was bombed in WW II.

Names:
Wiesbaden (preferred,C,V)
Uisibada (NA,V)
Aquae Mattiacae (NA,V)
Aquae Mattiacorum (H,V)  ............ Roman name, refers to spa on the site
Wisibada (H,V)  ............ name of Franconian palace on this site, meaning "Meadow Spring," recorded in 9th cen.

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Hesse (state)  ............  Hesse (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Darmstadt (national district)  ................  Darmstadt (national district) (P)
Hierarchy of Wiesbaden (inhabited place)  ....................  Wiesbaden (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  site of Celtic settlement in 3rd cen. BC, fortified by Romans in 12 BC
city (C)
state capital (C)  ............  of Hessen, since 1946
spa center (C)  ............  known for 27 hot springs since Roman times
manufacturing center (C)
transportation center (C)
cultural center (C)  ............  was frequented by Goethe, Dostoyevsky & Brahms, today noted for annual International Festival of Music, Ballet & Drama
archaeological site (C)  ............  traces of Roman wall remain, also had earth fortifications that were replaced by stone in AD 83
capital (H)  ............  of duchy of Nassau, 1806-1866; of Wiesbaden district in Hesse-Nassau province, from 1866
imperial city (H)  ............  status granted in 1241
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Aquae Mattiacae..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Aquae Mattiacorum..........  [VP]
................................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 1019
Uisibada..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Wiesbaden..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
....................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-191
....................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1341
Wisibada..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 650-651
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 1019
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 650-651
..................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1887737
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-191
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1341
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust