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ID: 7003928
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Palermo (inhabited place)  Palermo (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 38 07 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 38.1167  decimal degrees
Long: 013 22 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 13.3667  decimal degrees

Note: Founded by Phoenicians; passed to Carthaginians; was Roman free town 354 BCE; under Ostrogoths, Byzantines (from 535 CE), Saracens (from 832 CE); flourished under Normans from 1072; went to Hohenstaufens (1194), Angevins, Aragonese (from 1280s), and Spain. Palermo was seized by Garibaldi in 1860 and made a part of the kingdom of Italy in 1861; it was captured by Allied forces on July 30, 1943.

Names:
Palermo (preferred,C,V)
Panhormus (H,V)  ............ ancient
Panormos (H,V)  ............ ancient
Panormus (H,V)
Panormus Siciliae (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Sicily (region (administrative division))  ............  Sicily (region (administrative division)) (P,C) part of unified Italy from 1861
Hierarchy of Palermo (province)  ................  Palermo (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Palermo (inhabited place)  ....................  Palermo (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded by Phoenician traders in 8th cen. BC, modern city was rebuilt after severe bombings in WW II
city (C)
regional capital (C)
provincial capital (C)
seaport (C)  ............  has been important since Antiquity
industrial center (C)  ............  industries of manufacturing, chemicals & printing have developed since WW II
trade center (C)  ............  especially for foreign trade; exports citrus fruits, cereals, fresh fish & chemicals
transportation center (C)  ............  for merchant & passenger lines to Tunisia & Naples
cultural center (C)  ............  flourished under medieval court; modern city is plagued by poverty, but is still noted for medieval Arab-Norman architecture
episcopal see (C)  ............  cathedral was founded in 1185
capital (H)  ............  of ancient Carthaginian holdings in Sicily; of kingdom of Sicily, 11th-12th cen.

Sources and Contributors:
Palermo..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Annuario Generale (1980)
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 706
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 81
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 148
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 916
Panhormus..........  [GRLPSC]
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 916
Panormos..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 7122
.................  Van Marle, Pittura Italiana (1932)
Panormus..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 352
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 916
Panormus Siciliae..........  [VP]
................................  Atlas of Greek & Roman World (1981) 47
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Annuario Generale (1980)
..................  Atlas of Greek & Roman World (1981) 47
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 706
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 81
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 7122
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -123798
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 148
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 352
..................  Van Marle, Pittura Italiana (1932)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 916
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 916
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 916

 

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