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ID: 7002115
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7002115

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Hamadān (inhabited place)  Hamadān (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 34 47 57 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 34.7990  decimal degrees
Long: 048 30 52 E  degrees minutes   Long: 48.5140  decimal degrees

Note: Located at the northeastern foot of Mount Alvand. According to the poet Ferdowsi, Hamadān was built by King Jamshid. It became a major city on the ancient Silk Road. It was taken by Cyrus II the Great of Persia 550 BCE and became a Median capital. Alexander the Great in 330 BCE later captured the city. Hamadān was again captured, first by the Arabs in 641 or 642 CE, and then later by the Mongols around 1220 CE. In 1386, Timur, the Turkish conqueror, destroyed the city. In the 17th century, the city was partially restored, and frequently changed hands between the Iranians and the Ottomans. Today the city is known for its medallion schemed rugs. Historic sites in the region include the Stone Lion (Parthian Monument), Avicenna Memorial Tomb (built in 1954, manuscript library, Qajar tomb), Ganjnameh Epigraphes (Darius's inscriptions on Alvand Mountain in Abbasabad valley), and the Alavid Dome (Islamic monument from Saljuk period).

Names:
Hamadān (preferred,C,V,display)
Hamadan (C,V)
همدان (C,V,Persian-Farsi,U)
Bit Daiukki (H,O)  ............ possible ancient Assyrian name

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Hamadān (province)  ............  Hamadān (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Hamadān (inhabited place)  ................  Hamadān (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Persia (historical region)  ........  Persia (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Hamadān (inhabited place)  ............  Hamadān (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded 8th century BCE
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
trade center (C)
capital (H)  ............  of Media kingdom, 8th century BCE ; of Seljuq sultans in 12th century
royal residence (H)  ............  summer residence of the Achaemenidian rulers

Related geographic places:
located on ....  Silk Road .......... (road)
..................  (World) [7031416]
near/adjacent to ....  Ecbatana .......... (deserted settlement)
..............................  (World, Asia, Iran, Hamadān) [8711792]

Sources and Contributors:
همدان..........  [VP]
..............  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 22 February 2016
Bit Daiukki..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 653
Hamadān..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:371
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 5:653
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 22 February 2016
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 78
Hamadan..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 371
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 653
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 371
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 653; VI, 653
..................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 22 February 2016
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 344; 78
..................  Tucker, Silk Road: Travel Companion (2015) 173
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 5,653
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 8 July 2003
..........  Iran Chamber [online] (2001) accessed 24 July 2003
..........  Livius [online] (2003) accessed 24 July 2003
..........  Tucker, Silk Road: Travel Companion (2015) 173

 

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