The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Thesaurus of Geographic Names Full Record Display
Thesaurus of Geographic Names Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Vernacular Display | English Display

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONJSONLDRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 7001388
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7001388

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Bethlehem (inhabited place)  Bethlehem (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 31 43 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 31.7167  decimal degrees
Long: 035 12 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 35.2000  decimal degrees

Note: Located in ancient Judah in central Palestine, 5 miles south of Jerusalem in the Judaean Hills. It is an ancient settlement, possibly mentioned in the Amarna Letters (14th-century-BCE diplomatic documents found at Tell el-Amarna, Egypt). In the Bible, the earliest reference to the town is in connection with Rachel, who died on the wayside near here (Genesis 35:19). The town is regarded by Christians as the site of Christ's nativity; it was an early home of King David; the nativity site was desecrated by Hadrian in 135 CE with the planting of the grove of Adonis; Constantine destroyed the grove & built a basilica here in 315; the grotto under the church is claimed to be site of Jesus' manger. The town has been a monastic center for several centuries; St. Jerome built a monastery here and translated the Old Testament into Latin from the original Hebrew, with the help of Palestinian rabbis in the 5th century. The town is an agricultural market and trade center and an important pilgrimage and tourist center. It produces religious articles and other items of mother-of-pearl and carved olivewood.

Names:
Bayt Laẖm (preferred,C,V,Arabic (transliterated)-P,U,N)  ............ Arabic name, meaning "House of Meat"
Bayt Lahm (C,V)
Bet Lehem (C,V)  ............ Hebrew name, meaning "House of Bread"
Bethlehem (C,V,English-P,U,N)
Bethléem (C,O)
Bethlehem Ephrathah (H,O)  ............ Old Testament name
Bethlehem-Judah (H,O)  ............ an Old Testament name
Beit Lehem (C,V)
Beit Lahm (C,V)
Bet Leẖem (C,V,Hebrew (transliterated)-P,U,N)  ............ meaning "house of bread"

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of West Bank (occupied territory)  ........  West Bank (occupied territory) (P)
Hierarchy of Bethlehem (inhabited place)  ............  Bethlehem (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  ancient settlement, probably documented in Amarna Letters of 14th cen. BC
town (C)
religious center (C)
monastic center (C)  ............  particularly noted as site where St. Jerome built monastery & translated Old Testament into Latin
manufacturing center (C)
episcopal see (H)  ............  captured by Crusaders & made episcopal see, 11th cen.

Sources and Contributors:
Bayt Laẖm..........  [VP Preferred]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 174
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) Accessed 04/10/2002.
....................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Bayt Lahm..........  [VP]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 100
Beit Lahm..........  [VP]
....................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003) Accessed 04/10/2002.
Beit Lehem..........  [VP]
.......................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003) Accessed 04/10/2002.
Bethléem..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003)
Bethlehem..........  [BHA, VP]
....................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1988)
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 174
Bethlehem Ephrathah..........  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 174
Bethlehem-Judah..........  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 174
Bet Lehem..........  [VP]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 100
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 174
Bet Leẖem..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) Accessed 04/10/2002
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1988)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 100
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 174
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) Accessed 04/10/2002; Accessed 04/10/2002.
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003) Accessed 04/10/2002.
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) Accessed 04/10/2002.

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust