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ID: 6005333
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/6005333

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Seleucia (deserted settlement)  Seleucia (deserted settlement)

Coordinates:
Lat: 33 05 40 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 33.0940  decimal degrees
Long: 044 31 20 E  degrees minutes   Long: 44.5220  decimal degrees

Note: One of the great cities of the world during Hellenistic and Roman times. It stood in Mesopotamia, on the west bank of the Tigris River, opposite the smaller town of Ctesiphon. Founded by Seleucus I Nicator, Seleucia was the city that superseded Babylon as the center of the Seleucid Empire. It was located approximately 20 miles south of modern Baghdād, and Pliny the Elder listed the population as 600,000. It was conquered by Parthians in 140 BCE yet remained a Hellenistic city until the 1st century CE. The Parthians favored Ctesiphon as their capital. Seleucia was later burned to the ground by the Romans in 165 CE. Excavation of the site began in 1927.

Names:
Seleucia (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Seleucia on the Tigris (C,V)
Σελεύκεια (C,V,Greek,U)
Veh-Ardashir (C,V)
Seleukeia (C,V,Greek (transliterated),U,N)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iraq (nation)  ........  Iraq (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Baghdād (governorate)  ............  Baghdād (governorate) (P)
Hierarchy of Seleucia (deserted settlement)  ................  Seleucia (deserted settlement) (P)

Place Types:
deserted settlement (preferred, C)
archaeological site (C)  ............  founded 310 BC by Seleucus I, Alexander the Great's general
inhabited place (H)
capital (H)  ............  of Eastern Seleucid Empire, 300s-140 BC
commercial center (H)
trade center (H)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Seleucid Kingdom .......... (former nation/state/empire)
..................  (World) [6005337]

Sources and Contributors:
Σελεύκεια..........  [VP]
....................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Seleucia..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 846
Seleucia on the Tigris..........  [VP]
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 10 June 2005
Seleukeia..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 10 June 2005
Veh-Ardashir..........  [VP]
.......................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 359
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 846
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 10 June 2005
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 359
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 10 June 2005

 

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