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ID: 1039022
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Eschweiler (inhabited place)  Eschweiler (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 49 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.8167  decimal degrees
Long: 006 17 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 6.2833  decimal degrees

Note: The western German city of Eschweiler is located on the edge of the Eifel mountains some 11 miles northeast of Aachen. Inhabited since at least 9th century, it was ruled by the duchy of Jülich from 1420 and by Prussia from 1815. It is the main industrial center for the Aachen coal basin, producing coal, iron, steel, plastics, and limestone. It was the site of severe fighting in 1944 in World War II. Its population estimate for 2004 was 55,200.

Names:
Eschweiler (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Eschweiler (German,U,N)
Ascowilare (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of North Rhine-Westphalia (state)  ............  North Rhine-Westphalia (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Köln (national district)  ................  Köln (national district) (P)
Hierarchy of Eschweiler (inhabited place)  ....................  Eschweiler (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first documented in 9th century
city (C)
industrial center (C)
mining center (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Ascowilare..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 31
Eschweiler..........  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:280
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 4:555
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 63
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 377
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:280
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 4:555
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Eschweiler (Germany) NAF89000091 (13 Dec. 2004)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1767704
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 31
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 63
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 377
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:280
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Eschweiler." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9032987&query=Eschweiler&ct=eb (13 Dec. 2004)
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 377
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) (13 Dec. 2004)

 

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