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ID: 300022014
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300022014

 

Record Type: concept
Mahayana (Buddhism, religions (belief systems, cultures), ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the version of Buddhism that originated in India and spread to Central Asia, China, Japan, mainland Southeast Asia, Java, Sumatra, and Sri Lanka (Abhayagiri monastery). It is often characterized as the pan-Asiatic form of Buddhism, involving widely-accepted basic shifts in the original Buddhist doctrine and approach. This form of Buddhism discredits the existence of the self and the presence of dharmas, and challenges the idea that the Buddha comes exclusively from an elite lineage (arhat), substituting in its place the idea of the bodhisattva, someone who possesses the innate tendency to become Buddha, a disposition inherent in all persons. This form of Buddhism values benevolence and service to others above all else and advocates the struggle for internal peace and supreme wisdom (prajna) through the nullification of the self and struggle toward an ultimate reality.
 
Terms:
Mahayana (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
Mahayana Buddhism (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
Greater Vehicle (Buddhism) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Great Vehicle (Buddhism) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Mahayana Buddhist (C,U,English,UF,U,A)
大乘佛教 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
dà shèng fó jiào (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
da sheng fo jiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ta sheng fo chiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
mahayana (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
mahayana (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
gran vehículo (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  B.BM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Associated Concepts Facet
Associated Concepts Facet
Hierarchy of Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)
.... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <religions and religious concepts>
........ <religions and religious concepts> (G)
Hierarchy of religions (belief systems, cultures)
............ religions (belief systems, cultures) (G)
Hierarchy of Buddhism
................ Buddhism (G)
Hierarchy of Mahayana
.................... Mahayana (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 起源於印度並傳佈至中亞、中國、日本、大陸東南亞、爪哇、蘇門達臘及斯里蘭卡(無畏山寺)的一種佛教。被視為亞洲主要的佛教派別,包含原始佛教教義及模式的基本轉變,且為大眾所接受。大乘佛教不相信自我及達摩的存在,懷疑佛陀僅由王族精英(阿羅漢)而來,取而代之的是菩薩的概念,認為每人皆有與生俱來的內心傾向可變成佛陀。大乘佛教珍視對他人的仁慈與服務,且提倡透過屏棄自我與對最終真理的奮鬥獲得內心平靜及無上智慧(般若)。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de versie van het boeddhisme die ontstond in India en zich heeft verspreid naar Centraal-Azië, China, Japan, het vasteland van Zuidoost-Azië, Java, Sumatra en Sri Lanka (Abhayagiri-klooster). Deze stroming wordt vaak de pan-Aziatische vorm van het boeddhisme genoemd, waarbij sprake is van breed geaccepteerde afwijkingen van de oorspronkelijke boeddhistische doctrine en benadering. Bij deze vorm van het boeddhisme wordt ervan uitgegaan dat er geen zelf en geen dharma's bestaan, en wordt het idee afgewezen dat de boeddha uitsluitend van een bepaalde elite (arhat) afstamt. In plaats daarvan wordt uitgegaan van het idee van de bodhisattva, iemand die een aangeboren aanleg heeft om boeddha te worden, een aanleg die in alle mensen aanwezig is. Bij deze vorm van het boeddhisme worden liefdadigheid en dienstbaarheid aan anderen als hoogste goed gewaardeerd. Verder wordt gestreefd naar innerlijke vrede en de ultieme wijsheid (prajna) door de opheffing van het zelf en een strijd om de ultieme werkelijkheid te bereiken. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a la versión del budismo originada en India, y difundida a Asia Central, China, Japón, sudeste de Asia continental, Java, Sumatra y Sri Lanka (monasterio Abhayagiri). Es a menudo caracterizada como la forma pan- asiática del budismo, implicando modificaciones básicas ampliamente aceptadas a la doctrina y método budista original. Esta forma del budismo desacredita la existencia del mismo y la presencia de harmas y cuestiona la idea que el Buda viene exclusivamente de una linaje de elite. 

Sources and Contributors:
大乘佛教............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 July 17, 2012
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 July 17, 2012
da sheng fo jiao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
dà shèng fó jiào............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
gran vehículo............  [CDBP-SNPC]
..........................  Hattstein, Religiones del Mundo (1997)
Greater Vehicle (Buddhism)............  [VP]
...............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
Great Vehicle (Buddhism)............  [VP]
.........................................  Parrinder, Dictionary of Non-Christian Religions (1971) 169
Mahayana............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 125843 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Adams, Reader's Guide to the Great Religions (1977) 508
.................  Agnew, Reed, Ball, Cave Temples of Dunhuang (2016)
.................  Crim, Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions (1981) 452
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Buddhism: Mahayana" Accessed 8/21/00
.................  Friess, ed., Non-Christian Religions (1963) 30
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules needs diacritics.
.................  Parrinder, Dictionary of Non-Christian Religions (1971) 169
.................  Reynolds, Guide to Buddhist Religion (1981) 406
.................  Rowland, Art and Architecture of India (1970) 57
mahayana............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Diccionario Espasa. Religiones y creencias (1997) 479
.................  García-Ormaechea, Arte y Cultura de India. Península del Indostán, Himalaya y Sudeste Asiático (1998)
.................  Hattstein, Religiones del Mundo (1997)
.................  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Mahayana Buddhism............  [VP]
................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) sh 85079842
................................  Lippy and Williams, Encyclopedia of the American Religious Experience (1988) IND
Mahayana Buddhist............  [VP]
................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
ta sheng fo chiao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 125843 checked 26 January 2012
............  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Agnew, Reed, Ball, Cave Temples of Dunhuang (2016)
.......... Goring, ed., Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs and Religions (1994)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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