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ID: 300210420
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300210420

 

Record Type: concept
birettas (<caps by function>, caps (headgear), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Ecclesiastical caps, usually square-shaped and stiffened with a lining of heavier fabric, cardboard, or leather, worn with chancel vestments by members of the clergy who do not wear the miter; also worn as an ordinary headdress outside the church. It is topped by a tuft or a cord at the center of three, sometimes four, ridges or corners. The fabric used, its color (red, purple, or black), and its tuft correspond to the rank of the cleric who wears it, cardinal, bishop, or priest.
 
Terms:
birettas (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
biretta (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
biretta (Dutch,AD,U,U)
berettas (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
berrettas (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
birrettas (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
四角帽 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U)
法冠 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U)
sì jiǎo mào (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U)
si jiao mao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U)
ssu chiao mao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U)
biretta's (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
bonnetten (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
bonnet (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
barrette ecclésiastique (C,U,French-P,AD,U,FSN)
barrette (bonnet) (C,U,French,AD,U,SN)
bonnet carré (C,U,French,UF,U,U)
berrette (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,PN)
berretta (C,U,Italian,AD,U,SN)
barrete (cobertura) (C,U,Portuguese,AD,U,SN)
bonete (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
birreta (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TE

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Costume (hierarchy name)
........ Costume (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of costume (mode of fashion)
............ costume (mode of fashion) (G)
Hierarchy of costume accessories
................ costume accessories (G)
Hierarchy of worn costume accessories
.................... worn costume accessories (G)
Hierarchy of <accessories by location on the head>
........................ <accessories by location on the head> (G)
Hierarchy of headgear
............................ headgear (G)
Hierarchy of caps (headgear)
................................ caps (headgear) (G)
Hierarchy of <caps by function>
.................................... <caps by function> (G)
Hierarchy of birettas
........................................ birettas (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Costume (hierarchy name)
........ Costume (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of costume (mode of fashion)
............ costume (mode of fashion) (G)
Hierarchy of <costume by function>
................ <costume by function> (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial costume
.................... ceremonial costume (G)
Hierarchy of liturgical costume
........................ liturgical costume (G)
Hierarchy of birettas
............................ birettas (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 教士所戴的無邊帽,通常為方形,並以較厚的織物、硬紙板,或皮革襯裡使其硬挺,由不戴主教冠的神職人員與聖壇祭袍一同穿戴;亦在教堂外做為一般頭飾穿戴。帽上有三或四個帽脊或帽角,帽脊中央處有一飾綴或細繩。四角帽所使用的布料、其顏色(紅、紫或黑色),以及其飾綴,會分別對應戴帽之教會聖職人員的階級:紅衣主教、主教或神父。 
Dutch ..... Kerkelijke, meestal vierkante hoofddeksels met drie of vier rechtopstaande uitsprongen die van het midden van de bovenkant naar de rand lopen. Zijn rood, paars of zwart voor respectievelijk kardinaal, bisschop of priester. Soms met pompon. 
French ..... Coiffure de forme généralement carrée, en étoffe rendue rigide grâce à une doublure de tissu épais ou le plus souvent de carton ou de cuir, portée avec l'habit de choeur par les clercs qui ne portent pas la mitre, mais aussi comme coiffure ordinaire par les clercs, en dehors des églises. La barrette possède à son sommet une houppe ou un cordon duquel partent trois ou parfois quatre cornes. Le tissu qui compose la barrette, sa couleur et celle de la houppe sont fonction de la qualité du clerc qui la porte. 
Italian ..... Berretto in stoffa, di forma generalmente quadrata, divenuto rigido grazie ad una foderatura di tessuto sostenuto, o più spesso di cartone o cuoio, portato con le vesti liturgiche dal clero che non indossa la mitria, ma anche dai chierici come copricapo ordinario fuori dalla chiesa. La berretta presenta alla sommità un fiocco o un cordone da cui partono tre o quattro corni. Il tessuto e il colore della berretta e del fiocco dipendono dalla dignità ecclesiastica: seta marezzata rossa per i cardinali (berretta cardinalizia), panno viola per i vescovi, tessuto nero per la gran parte del clero ordinario (berretta clericale). 
Portuguese ..... Cobertura quadrangular para a cabeça usada, na igreja, juntamente com as vestes litúrgicas, pelo clero sem mitra ou, fora da igreja, como cobertura vulgar usada pelos clérigos. É feito de tecido, com um forro espesso de tecido, cartão ou couro, que o torna rígido e apresenta, no topo, uma borla ou um cordão, de onde partem três ou quatro pontas. O tecido e a cor do barrete varia consoante a dignidade eclesiástica. 
Spanish ..... Gorra eclesiástica, generalmente de forma cuadrada y que tiene tres o cuatros projecciones ascendentes que se extienden desde el centro de la parte superior al borde. Pueden ser rojas, púrpuras o negras, y corresponden al rango de cardenal, obispo o sacerdote. 

Sources and Contributors:
四角帽............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 December 8, 2014
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 December 8, 2014
...........  朗文當代大辭典 155
...........  牛津當代大辭典 158
...........  輔仁服飾辭典 53
法冠............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 December 8, 2014
barrete (cobertura)............  [VP]
...................................  Thesaurus del corredo ecclesiastico [online] (1999)
barrette (bonnet)............  [VP]
................................  Thesaurus del corredo ecclesiastico [online] (1999)
barrette ecclésiastique............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
.........................................  AASLH data (2016-)
.........................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.........................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/14102; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.........................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 14102
.........................................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
berettas............  [VP]
.................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
berretta............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
.................  ICCD database (1988-)
.................  Thesaurus del corredo ecclesiastico [online] (1999)
berrettas............  [VP]
....................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
berrette............  [VP]
.................  Thesaurus del corredo ecclesiastico [online] (1999)
biretta............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/14102; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 14102
.................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
.................  Religieus Erfgoed (2008)
birettas............  [VP Preferred]
.................  Amphlett, Hats (1974) illustration, GLOS, figure 625
.................  Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
.................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "vestments;" accessed 21 April 2008
.................  Picken, Fashion Dictionary (1957)
.................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) illustration
.................  Thesaurus del corredo ecclesiastico [online] (1999)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) illustration
biretta's............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Religieus Erfgoed (2008)
birreta............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Diccionario de la Lengua Española (1992)
birrettas............  [VP]
....................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
bonete............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Schenone, Iconografía del Arte Colonial. Los Santos (1992) 802
bonnet............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  Religieus Erfgoed (2008)
bonnet carré............  [VP]
.......................  Thesaurus del corredo ecclesiastico [online] (1999)
bonnetten............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
....................  Religieus Erfgoed (2008)
si jiao mao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
sì jiǎo mào............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
ssu chiao mao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/14102; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
.......... Thesaurus del corredo ecclesiastico [online] (1999)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Religieus Erfgoed (2008)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
French .......... [VP]
.......... Thesaurus del corredo ecclesiastico [online] (1999)
Italian .......... [VP]
.......... Thesaurus del corredo ecclesiastico [online] (1999)
Portuguese .......... [VP]
.......... Thesaurus del corredo ecclesiastico [online] (1999)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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