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ID: 300375063
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300375063

 

Record Type: concept
gall (plant material) (plant material, biological material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Material made of excrescences produced on trees, usually the oak species Quercus infectoria in Europe and the Near East, and on the sumac species Rhus semialata in China and Japan, by the action of insects, chiefly of the genus Cynips. Galls are formed when gall-wasp eggs are deposited on tree branches in nut-like pockets; the gall grows until the larvae are completely enveloped. The mature insect bores a hole through the gall in order to escape. All galls contain 36-60% tannins; the bluish-green galls, gathered before the insect escapes, are richest in gallotannic acid. The tannins have been used for centuries for vegetable tanning of leather. When galls are combined with ferrous sulfate, a black dye is produced; alone, they produce a gray dye. Gall extract was also used as a mordant in the preparation of writing inks.
 
Terms:
gall (plant material) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,SN)
galls (plant material) (C,U,English,AD,U,PN)
nutgalls (plant material) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
gallnuts (plant material) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
oak apples (plant material) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
huur nuts (plant material) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
oak gall nuts (plant material) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
gall-nuts (plant material) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Chinese gall (plant material) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
aleppo gall (plant material) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
pistacia gall (plant material) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
tamarisk gallo (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Gallapfel (C,U,German-P,D,U,U)
agallas (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
noix de galle (C,U,French-P,D,U,U)
galla (plant material) (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,U)
galappel (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
noz de galha (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by origin>
............ <materials by origin> (G)
Hierarchy of biological material
................ biological material (G)
Hierarchy of plant material
.................... plant material (G)
Hierarchy of gall (plant material)
........................ gall (plant material) (G)

Related concepts:
derived/made from ....  Quercus infectoria (species)
................................  (Quercus (genus), Fagaceae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300375064]

Sources and Contributors:
agallas............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
aleppo gall (plant material)............  [VP]
...............................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese gall (plant material)............  [VP]
..................................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
galappel............  [VP]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-) okayed via spreadsheet from AAT-Ned
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
gall (plant material)............  [VP Preferred]
......................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
......................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
......................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
......................................  USDA Classification online (2008-)
galla (plant material)............  [VP]
.........................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Gallapfel............  [VP]
....................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
gallnuts (plant material)............  [VP]
............................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
gall-nuts (plant material)............  [VP]
...............................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
galls (plant material)............  [VP]
.........................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
huur nuts (plant material)............  [VP]
...............................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
noix de galle............  [VP]
..........................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
noz de galha............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
nutgalls (plant material)............  [VP]
............................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
oak apples (plant material)............  [VP]
...............................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
oak gall nuts (plant material)............  [VP]
.....................................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
pistacia gall (plant material)............  [VP]
.....................................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
tamarisk gallo............  [VP]
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)

 

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