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ID: 300374829
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300374829

 

Record Type: concept
Berberis (genus) (Berberidaceae (family), Ranunculales (order), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Genus containing about 500 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs having thorny shoots, native to the temperate and subtropical regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, and North and South America. They are closely related to the genus Mahonia, which is included within Berberis in some classifications. Berberis shrubs have yellow wood, yellow six-petaled flowers, and usually three-branched spines at the base of leafstalks. The fruit is a red, yellow, blue, purple, or black berry, with one to several seeds. The fruits of several species are made into jellies. The wood from the barberry stems and roots can be cooked in water to extract a strong yellow dye.
 
Terms:
Berberis (genus) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,N)
Berberis (genus) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Berberis (genus) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
barberry genus (C,U,C,English,AD,U,U)
小檗屬 (屬) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
xiǎo bò shǔ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
xiao bo shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hsiao po shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Plantae (kingdom)
................ Plantae (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Angiospermae (division)
.................... Angiospermae (division) (G)
Hierarchy of Magnoliopsida (class)
........................ Magnoliopsida (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Ranunculales (order)
............................ Ranunculales (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Berberidaceae (family)
................................ Berberidaceae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Berberis (genus)
.................................... Berberis (genus) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 包含近500種的落葉與常綠灌木,枝有棘刺,原生於歐洲、亞洲、非洲、北美洲、南美洲的溫帶與亞熱帶區域。與十大功勞屬(Mahonia)的親緣關係十分接近,某些分類系統中,十大功勞屬被歸於小檗屬。木材黃色,花亦黃色,六瓣,葉柄基部通常有三分岔的刺狀突起。果實為漿果,紅、黃、藍、紫或黑色,有一或數顆種子。數種樹種的果實可作果醬。將小檗屬樹木的枝幹與根部木材放在水中煮,可萃取出色澤濃重的黃色染料。 
Dutch ..... Genus van ongeveer 500 soorten bladverliezende en groenblijvende struiken met doornige spruiten die inheems zijn in de gematigde en subtropische streken in Europa, Azië, Afrika en Noord- en Zuid-Amerika. Ze zijn nauw verwant aan het genus Mahonia, dat in sommige classificaties is opgenomen in Berberis. Struiken uit Berberis hebben geel hout, gele bloemen met zes bloemblaadjes en in de meeste gevallen doorns met drie stekels aan het begin van de bladstengels. De vrucht is een rode, gele, blauwe, paarse of zwarte bes met één of enkele zaadjes. Van de vruchten van verschillende soorten maakt men jam. Het hout van de stam en de wortels kookt men in water om een geconcentreerde gele kleurstof te extraheren. 

Sources and Contributors:
小檗屬 (屬)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
barberry genus............  [VP]
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Berberis (genus)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.............................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.............................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
hsiao po shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
xiao bo shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
xiǎo bò shǔ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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