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ID: 300187076
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300187076

 

Record Type: concept
soumaks (rugs) (flatweaves, <rugs by technique>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Flat-woven rugs from Turkey, elsewhere in the Caucasus, and surrounding areas; patterned by supplementary wrapping wefts. They are typically heavy and stiff; they may be distinguished by their pattern, which is visible from only from one side with the reverse often having threads of yarn left hanging on the back. The technique is one of the oldest known, identified among charred 7th-century-BCE fragments excavated at Gordion, near Ankara in Anatolia.
 
Terms:
soumaks (rugs) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
soumak (rug) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
soumakhs (rugs) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
sumachs (rugs) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
sumakhs (rugs) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
sumaks (rugs) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
sumaks (rugs) (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
sumak (rug) (C,U,English,UF,U,SN)
sumak (rug) (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
蘇瑪克織毯 (地毯) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U)
sū ma kè zhī tǎn (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U)
su ma ke zhi tan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U)
su ma k'o chih t'an (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U)
soemaks (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
soemak (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
soumakh (rug) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Furnishings (hierarchy name)
........ Furnishings (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings (works)
............ furnishings (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <furnishings by form or function>
................ <furnishings by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of coverings and hangings
.................... coverings and hangings (G)
Hierarchy of <coverings and hangings by specific type>
........................ <coverings and hangings by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <coverings and hangings by form>
............................ <coverings and hangings by form> (G)
Hierarchy of rugs (textiles)
................................ rugs (textiles) (G)
Hierarchy of <rugs by technique>
.................................... <rugs by technique> (G)
Hierarchy of flatweaves
........................................ flatweaves (G)
Hierarchy of soumaks (rugs)
............................................ soumaks (rugs) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 來自土耳其、高加索或臨近地區的平織地毯,以夾織緯線技法勾勒出圖案。此種地毯通常厚重而硬挺,有各種獨特的圖案,圖案只在正面可見,反面則可見未收線的紗線。此種地毯的編織方法為目前所知最古老的工法之一,見於西元前七世紀燒焦的地毯碎片,出土於安納托力亞的哥迪安(Gordion),為鄰近安卡拉(Ankara)之城市。 
Dutch ..... Geweven tapijten uit de Kaukasus waarvan het patroon wordt gevormd door aanvullende inslagwikkelingen. 
Spanish ..... Alfombras caucásicas de tejido plano estampadas por medio de un enrollado adicional sobre la urdiembre. 

Related concepts:
produced by ....  soumak (technique)
....................  (flat-woven, textile weaving processes and techniques, ... Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name)) [300228572]

Sources and Contributors:
蘇瑪克織毯 (地毯)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
soemak............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Kinebanian, Perzische en Oosterse tapijten
soemaks............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Kinebanian, Perzische en Oosterse tapijten
soumak (rug)............  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "soumak," accessed 19 September 2008
.......................  Scharaf Justin, Flat-Woven Rugs of the World (1980) title
soumakh (rug)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
..........................  Miller, Enciclopedia de Antigüedades (1999)
..........................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
soumakhs (rugs)............  [VP]
.............................  Thompson, Oriental Carpets (1988) 167
soumaks (rugs)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP Preferred]
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  Ellis, Oriental Carpets (1988) glossary
.............................  Gans-Ruedin, Caucasian Carpets (1986) 345
.............................  King and Sylvester, Eastern Carpet in the Western World (1983) 65
.............................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) sh 85125361, accessed 19 September 2008
.............................  Mackie, Splendor of Turkish Weaving (1973) 32
.............................  New Encyclopaedia Britannica (1984)
.............................  Personal Communication Bethany Mendenhall -- Getty Center -- 5/92; Carol Bier, Curator -- Textile Museum, WADC -- 10/92
.............................  Stone, Oriental Rug Repair (1981) GLOS
.............................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
.............................  Thompson, Oriental Carpets (1988) 167
.............................  Unravelling the Rug Puzzle (1983) 50
sumachs (rugs)............  [VP]
.............................  Thompson, Oriental Carpets (1988) 167
sumak (rug)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.......................  Balpinar Acar, Turkish Flatweaves (1983) title
.......................  Campbell, Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts (2006) 545
.......................  Marchese, Fabric of Life (2005) 12, 140
.......................  Personal Communication Professor Walter Denny, University of Washington
.......................  Piligian, Historia de las Alfombras Orientales (1981)
.......................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
su ma ke zhi tan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
sū ma kè zhī tǎn............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
sumakhs (rugs)............  [VP]
.............................  Thompson, Oriental Carpets (1988) 167
su ma k'o chih t'an............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
sumaks (rugs)............  [VP]
..........................  Balpinar and Hirsch, Flatweaves (1982) 27
..........................  Denny, Oriental Rugs (1979) 122
..........................  Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975) 752
..........................  Thompson, Oriental Carpets (1988) 167
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Kinebanian, Perzische en Oosterse tapijten
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Balpinar Acar, Turkish Flatweaves (1983)
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 20 September 2008
.......... V&A personal artifacts terminology (1991)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Kinebanian, Perzische en Oosterse tapijten
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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