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ID: 300395638
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300395638

 

Record Type: concept
side altars (altars (religious fixtures), <altars and altar components>, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Altars in Christian churches that are under the same ecclesiastical canons as the high altar, but considered subordinate to the high altar. Side altars are typically placed at the head of a side aisle, along the sides of the aisle, or in a bay or chapel; they are often decorated with an altarpiece, wall paintings, windows, or other art referring to the titular saint to whom the altar is dedicated. Rules may state the allowable size, number of steps, or absence of a tabernacle for a side altar. Side altars were ranked in importance; the side altar on the Gospel side of the high altar had the highest status, and the counterpart on the Epistle side had the second highest rank. Side altars appeared in church architecture by the 6th century; they became prime places for members of the congregation to display their wealth and importance through patronage.
 
Terms:
side altars (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
side altar (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
altars, side (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
side-altars (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
byaltar (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
bye-altar (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
zijaltaren (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
zijaltaar (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <architectural elements by building type>
.................... <architectural elements by building type> (G)
Hierarchy of religious building fixtures
........................ religious building fixtures (G)
Hierarchy of <altars and altar components>
............................ <altars and altar components> (G)
Hierarchy of altars (religious fixtures)
................................ altars (religious fixtures) (G)
Hierarchy of side altars
.................................... side altars (P,U)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... De twee nevenaltaren op de grens van koor en schip die het hoogaltaar flankeren worden de zijaltaren genoemd. 

Related concepts:
contextualized in ....  churches (buildings)
................................  (religious buildings, religious structures, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300007466]

Sources and Contributors:
altars, side............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
byaltar............  [VP]
.................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) 1:56
bye-altar............  [VP]
....................  Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
side altar............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.......................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
side altars............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP Preferred]
.......................  Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-) "consecration;" accessed 26 January 2015
.......................  Cole, Masaccio (1980)
.......................  Lynch and Bodle, Dominican Earthquakes of 1946 (1948)
.......................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) 1:53
.......................  Zarnecki, Art of the Medieval World (1975)
side-altars............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
zijaltaar............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Am-MovE thesaurus
....................  Religieus Erfgoed (2008)
....................  Woordenlijst religieuze voorwerpen
zijaltaren............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Am-MovE thesaurus
.......................  Religieus Erfgoed (2008)
.......................  Woordenlijst religieuze voorwerpen
 
Subject: .....  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Note:
English .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.......... Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
.......... Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) 1:53
.......... Zarnecki, Art of the Medieval World (1975)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Am-MovE thesaurus
.......... Religieus Erfgoed (2008)
.......... Woordenlijst religieuze voorwerpen

 

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