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ID: 300265725
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300265725

 

Record Type: concept
cong (ceremonial vessel) (vessels (containers), <containers by form>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Late Neolithic Chinese jade or stone tubes having a squared exterior surface and a round, hollow interior. They are usually decorated at the corners with facial features, sometimes abbreviated to concentric circles or eye-like shapes, and embellished with incised horizontal bars on the planar surfaces. An ancient Chinese text called 'The Rites of Zhou' states that the cong was used as a sacrifice to the earth. Symbolic meaning may be a counterpart to that of the "bi (ceremonial object)," which represented the heavens. Later ceremic vessels may be found in this shape.
 
Terms:
cong (ceremonial vessel) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,U)
cong (ceremonial vessel) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
cong (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin)-P,D,U,PN)
zong (ceremonial vessel) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
cong tubes (ceremonial vessels) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
ts'ung (cong) (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,N)
Congs (C,U,German,D,PN)
Cong (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Containers (hierarchy name)
........ Containers (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of containers (receptacles)
............ containers (receptacles) (G)
Hierarchy of <containers by form>
................ <containers by form> (G)
Hierarchy of vessels (containers)
.................... vessels (containers) (G)
Hierarchy of cong (ceremonial vessel)
........................ cong (ceremonial vessel) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of sculpture (visual works)
.................... sculpture (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <sculpture by function>
........................ <sculpture by function> (G)
Hierarchy of funerary sculpture
............................ funerary sculpture (G)
Hierarchy of cong (ceremonial vessel)
................................ cong (ceremonial vessel) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Laatneolithische Chinese cilindervorm in jade, met een vierkant gemaakt buitenoppervlak en een holle, ronde binnenkant. Congs zijn meestal op de hoeken versierd met gezichtselementen, soms geabstraheerd tot concentrische cirkels of oogvormen, en verfraaid met ingesneden horizontale balkjes op de vlakken. Ze worden op grafplaatsen aangetroffen. Hun functie is niet bekend. 
German ..... Spätneolithische chinesische Röhre aus Jade, die eckige Außenflächen und einen runden, hohlen Innenraum hat. Sie ist in der Regel an den Ecken mit Gesichtsmasken dekoriert, manchmal in abstrakten, konzentrischen Kreisen oder Augenformen sowie Verzierungen in Form vertiefter horizontaler Bänder auf den ebenen Flächen. Gefunden in Grabstätten, ihre Funktion ist unbekannt. 

Related concepts:
related to ....  bi (ceremonial disk)
..................  (funerary sculpture, <sculpture by function>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300265726]

Sources and Contributors:
琮............  [VP]
........  Personal Communication, Julia Grimes, Getty Research Institute (2014)
cong (ceremonial vessel)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 3 March 2006
.........................................  Freer Gallery and Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian [online] (2003-) accessed 3 March 2006
.........................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 3 March 2006
Cong............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
...........  Eggebrecht, China, eine Wiege der Weltkultur (1994) 236
...........  Sachs, Das Lexikon der Musikinstrumente (2010) 91
...........  Sachs, Reallexikon der Musikinstrumente (1913/1979) 92
Congs............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
..............  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
cong tubes (ceremonial vessels)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008)
ts'ung (cong)............  [VP]
..........................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
zong (ceremonial vessel)............  [VP]
.........................................  Rawson, Ancient China (1980) 36
 
Subject: .....  [IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
............  Freer Gallery and Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian [online] (2003-)
............  Grove Art Online (2003-2008)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 2 March 2006
.......... Freer Gallery and Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian [online] (2003-) accessed 2 March 2006
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "China; craftsman," accessed 2 March 2006
.......... Victoria & Albert Museum online (2001-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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