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ID: 300263068
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300263068

 

Record Type: concept
gravehouses (funerary structures, ceremonial structures, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Small, house-like structures built over graves, usually comprising a shed or ramada, which is a roof with comer posts supporting it. Examples are found in the American south, in Native American cultures, and in certain places in Europe; roof-shaped constructions made of wood and placed fresh graves seem to date from the Bronze Age in Europe (ca. 2000-800 BCE). For houselike structures intended as dwellings for spirits, use "spirit houses (religious structures)." For freestanding structures or rooms near graves for the benefit of mourners, prefer "funeral chaples." For buildings, often grand but sometimes smaller, that permanently house the body of the deceased, use "mausoleums."
 
Terms:
gravehouses (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
gravehouse (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
grave-houses (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
tomb-houses (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
board mausoleums (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
grave boxes (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
grave sheds (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
graveshelters (gravehouses) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
grave shelters (gravehouses) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
grafhuisjes (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
grafhuisje (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
hutte de sépulture (C,U,French-P,AD,U,FSN)
casas-tumbas (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
casa-tumba (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial structures
........................ ceremonial structures (G)
Hierarchy of funerary structures
............................ funerary structures (G)
Hierarchy of gravehouses
................................ gravehouses (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Kleine bouwconstructies in de vorm van huisjes die op een graf zijn geplaatst. 
Spanish ..... Estructura pequeña, en forma de casa, construida sobre tumbas. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  funeral homes
..................................  (funerary preparatory buildings, funerary buildings, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300005868]
distinguished from ....  grave shelters (temporary structures)
..................................  (funerary structures, ceremonial structures, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300404192]
distinguished from ....  spirit houses (religious structures)
..................................  (religious structures, ceremonial structures, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300195504]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  mausoleums
..................................................  (sepulchral buildings, funerary buildings, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300005891]

Sources and Contributors:
board mausoleums............  [VP]
.............................  Material Culture (1984-) illustration, Vol. 23, No. 3, 31
casas-tumbas............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
casa-tumba............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.......................  TAA database (2000-)
grafhuisje............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1999)
grafhuisjes............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1999)
grave boxes............  [VP]
.......................  Material Culture (1984-) illustration, Vol. 23, No. 3, 31
gravehouse............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.......................  AASLH data (2016-)
.......................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.......................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/580; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.......................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 580
gravehouses............  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Cederoth and Lindstroom, eds., On the Meaning of Death (1988)
.......................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term -- AVERY -- 7/92
.......................  Currier, Gravehouses [n.d.] TITL
.......................  Material Culture (1984-) illustration, Vol. 23, No. 3, 31, Sexton. "Don't Let the Rain Fall on My Face: French Louisiana Gravehouses in an Anthro-Geographical Context.;" illustration, Vol. 27, No. 2, 21, Frantom. "Gravehouses of North Louisiana: Culture History and Typology."
.......................  Nomenclature 3.0 for Museum Cataloging (2010)
grave-houses............  [VP]
.......................  Arctic Studies Center, website
grave sheds............  [VP]
.......................  Material Culture (1984-) illustration, Vol. 23, No. 3, 31
graveshelters (gravehouses)............  [VP]
...............................................  Material Culture (1984-) illustration, Vol. 23, No. 3, 31
grave shelters (gravehouses)............  [VP]
...............................................  Crissman, Dying in Central Appalachia (1994)
hutte de sépulture............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
...................................  AASLH data (2016-)
...................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
...................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/580; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
...................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 580
tomb-houses............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/580; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1999)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Cederoth and Lindstroom, eds., On the Meaning of Death (1988)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.......... Toynbee, Death and Burial (1971)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1999)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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