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ID: 300140808
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300140808

 

Record Type: concept
delftware (earthenware, pottery (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to tin-glazed earthenware first made early in the 17th century in Delft, the Netherlands. This style of tin glazing was later brought by the Dutch to England. In modern usage, the term applies to all such wares manufactured in either The Netherlands or England, as distinguished from 'faience,' made in France, Germany, Spain, and Scandinavia, and 'maiolica,' made in Italy. Delftware developed after Chinese porcelain production was severely curtailed in the mid-17th century due to the war between the ruling Ming dynasty and the invading Manchus, when important Chinese kilns were destroyed. The previously large number of porcelain imports from China into the Netherlands ended; the Delft manufactories, Porceleynen Schotel, the Porceleynen Lampetkan, and others began making large volumes of faience decorated with Chinese-style painting. By 1665 there were around 20 faience factories in Delft. They primarily mass-produced imitation porcelain with decoration mimicking Chinese Transitional ware. Around 1680, delftware producers they also experimented with color to produce a greater variety of wares.
 
Terms:
delftware (preferred,C,U,American English-P,D,U,PN)
Delftware (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Delft ware (C,U,British English-P,D,U,PN)
ware, Delft (C,U,British English,UF,U,N)
Delfts aardewerk (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Delfter Keramik (C,U,German-P,D,B)
Delfter Fayence (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Delfter Fayencen (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Delfter Porzellan (C,U,German,UF,B)
Fayence, Delfter (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Keramik, Delfter (C,U,German,UF,B)
Porzellan, Delfter (C,U,German,UF,B)
porcelana de Delft (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
loza delft (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PE

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of ceramic ware (visual works)
.................... ceramic ware (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of pottery (visual works)
........................ pottery (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of earthenware
............................ earthenware (G)
Hierarchy of delftware
................................ delftware (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of ceramic ware (visual works)
.................... ceramic ware (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of pottery (visual works)
........................ pottery (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <pottery by kiln, location, or style>
............................ <pottery by kiln, location, or style> (G)
Hierarchy of delftware
................................ delftware (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar aardewerk met tinglazuur dat voor het eerst aan het begin van de 17de eeuw in Delft werd vervaardigd. Dit type tinglazuur werd later door de Hollanders in Engeland geïntroduceerd. In het moderne taalgebruik is de term van toepassing op al het aardewerk dat in Nederland of Engeland wordt geproduceerd, ter onderscheiding van de 'faience' uit Frankrijk, Duitsland, Spanje en Scandinavië, en het Italiaanse 'majolica'. Delfts aardewerk kwam tot ontwikkeling nadat de productie van Chinees porselein halverwege de 17de eeuw ernstig te lijden had gekregen van de oorlog tussen de heersende Ming-dynastie en de binnenvallende Qing, waarbij belangrijke Chinese industriële ovens verloren gingen. Zo kwam er een einde aan de voorheen omvangrijke invoer van Chinees porselein in de Nederlanden; de Delftse aardewerkfabrieken De Porceleynen Schotel, De Porceleynen Lampetkan en andere fabrieken begonnen nu met de grootschalige productie van faience gedecoreerd met schilderwerk in Chinese stijl. In 1665 telde Delft circa 20 faiencefabrieken. Ze hielden zich hoofdzakelijk bezig met de massaproductie van imitatieporselein dat als kopie van het Chinees Kraakporselein was bedoeld. Rond 1680 gingen de makers van het Delftse aardewerk met verschillende kleuren experimenteren om hun aanbod te verbreden. 
German ..... Bezieht sich auf zinn-glasierte Irdenware aus dem Anfang des 17. Jahrhunderts, die in Delft, Niederlande, hergestellt wurde. Diese Art von Zinnglasierung wurde später von den Holländern nach England gebracht. Im modernen Sprachgebrauch gilt der Begriff für alle Waren, die entweder aus den Niederlanden oder England stammen. Sie werden von "Fayencen" aus Frankreich, Deutschland, Spanien und Skandinavien ebenso unterschieden, wie von "Majolika" aus Italien. Delfter Keramik wurde entwickelt, nachdem die chinesische Porzellanproduktion während der Mitte des 17. Jahrhunderts durch den Krieg zwischen der regierenden Ming Dynastie und den eindringenden Manschuren stark eingeschränkt war, da wichtige chinesische Brennöfen zerstört wurden. Die große Einfuhr von Porzellan aus China in die Niederlande war damit beendet, die Delfter Manufakturen Porceleynen Schotel, Porceleynen Lampetkan und andere begannen mit der Herstellung großer Mengen von Fayence mit Malerei im chinesischen Stil. Nach 1665 gab es etwa 20 Fayence-Fabriken in Delft. Sie produzieren in großen Mengen Nachahmungen von Porzellan mit chinesischen Dekor. Um 1680 experimentierten die Hersteller von Delfter Keramik auch mit Farbe, um eine größere Vielfalt an Waren zu produzieren. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  faience (earthenware)
..................................  (earthenware, pottery (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300010668]
distinguished from ....  maiolica
..................................  (earthenware, pottery (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300021170]
made of/require ....  tin glaze
............................  (<ceramic glaze by composition or origin>, ceramic glaze, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300233436]

Sources and Contributors:
Delfter Fayence............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  Strauss, Lexikon der Kunst (1987-2004) 2:111
Delfter Fayencen............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
Delfter Keramik............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.............................  Dewey et al., Dewey-Dezimalklassifikation und Register (2005) 738.37
.............................  Goldkuhle, Delfter Keramik (1974) 1
.............................  Jaennicke, Geschichte der Keramik (1980) 577
Delfter Porzellan............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
................................  Dewey et al., Dewey-Dezimalklassifikation und Register (2005) 738.37
Delfts aardewerk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
delftware............  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
....................  AATA database (2002-) 122692 checked 26 January 2012
....................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
....................  Charleston, English Porcelain (1965)
....................  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1974)
....................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
....................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
Delft ware............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
Delftware............  [VP]
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Netherlands, the: Ceramics." Accessed 08/15/2002.
Fayence, Delfter............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
Keramik, Delfter............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
loza delft............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.......................  Dewey, Sistema de Clasificación Decimal Dewey e Índice Relativo (2000) 439
.......................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
porcelana de Delft............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...................................  Miller, Como Reconocer las Antigüedades (1991)
...................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
Porzellan, Delfter............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...................................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
ware, Delft............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 122692 checked 26 January 2012
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) Accessed 08/14/2002.
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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