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ID: 300012959
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300012959

 

Record Type: concept
starch (carbohydrate, organic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Substance made of carbohydrate granules of varying sizes obtained from roots, bulbs, and seeds of most plants. Starch is primarily obtained from rice, wheat, corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca), sago, and arrowroot. It is a mixture of the soluble straight-chain amylose molecules and the insoluble, branched-chain amylopectin molecules. When starch is heated, the granules swell and form a thick, tacky jelly upon cooling. Starchy adhesives have been used since at least 3500 BCE in Egypt. More recently starch has been used for sizing fabric, canvas, and paper, as an adhesive for paper cartons, bottle labels, gummed tape, and envelopes. Soluble starch has been used for priming canvas and as a binder in watercolor paints. Starch is sensitive to moisture and biodegradation. Starchy paste films become brittle with age.
 
Terms:
starch (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
starches (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
stijfsel (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
amylopectine (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
almidón (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
amidon (C,U,French-P,D,U,U)
amido (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,U)
amido (Portuguese-P,D,U,U)
Stärke (C,U,German-P,D,U,U)
amylum (C,U,Latin-P,D,U,U)
stive (C,U,Norwegian (Nynorsk),UF,U,U)
skrobia (C,U,Polish-P,D,U,U)
stärkels (C,U,Swedish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of organic material
................ organic material (G)
Hierarchy of carbohydrate
.................... carbohydrate (G)
Hierarchy of starch
........................ starch (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Een organisch bestanddeel van plantencellen, een lid van de amylosegroep van koolhydraten. 
Spanish ..... Compuesto orgánico que se encuentra en las células de las plantas, miembro del grupo amilósico de los carbohidratos. 

Sources and Contributors:
almidón............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Dewey, Sistema de Clasificación Decimal Dewey e Índice Relativo (2000) 3:664
.................  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981) 5:2750
amido............  [VP]
..............  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
amidon............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
amylopectine............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
amylum............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
skrobia............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
starch............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 129202 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 748
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 07/31/2001
starches............  [VP]
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Stärke............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
stärkels............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
stijfsel............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
stive............  [VP]
..............  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 129202 checked 26 January 2012
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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