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ID: 300012910
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300012910

 

Record Type: concept
copal (resin (organic material), organic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: General term for a variety of hard, natural resins obtained directly from various tropical trees of the genera Hymenaea and Agathis. Copal is a characterized as a hard, translucent odoriferous resinous substance in an intermediate stage of polymerization and hardening between gummy resins and amber. Copals contain communic acids, communol, resene, and volatile oil. They range in color from colorless to a bright yellow-brown. The term was first applied to the substance obtained from Mexico; but copal is now procured also from Brazil, the West Indies, West Africa, Mozambique and Zanzibar, Madagascar, India, Manila, New Caledonia, and New Zealand. Copal from East Africa is most highly valued, particularly the partially fossilized varieties. Copal is used as incense, flavoring, medicines, and in making varnish, lacquer, adhesive, and coatings.
 
Terms:
copal (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,SN)
copal (French-P,D,U,U)
copal (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
copals (C,U,English,UF,U,PN)
copal resin (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
kopal (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
copale (C,U,Italian,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of organic material
................ organic material (G)
Hierarchy of resin (organic material)
.................... resin (organic material) (G)
Hierarchy of copal
........................ copal (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Een algemene benaming voor fossiele en andere harde hars die wordt gevonden in bijna alle tropische landen en wordt gebruikt voor het maken van vernis, lak, hechtmiddelen en deklagen. 
Spanish ..... Nombre general para la resina fósil y dura que se encuentra en casi todos los países tropicales y se utiliza para fabricar barnices, lacas, adhesivos y revestimientos. 

Related concepts:
derived/made from ....  Agathis (genus)
................................  (Araucaria (family), Pinales (order), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300375616]
derived/made from ....  Hymenaea (genus)
................................  (Fabaceae (family), Fabales (order), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300375611]

Sources and Contributors:
copal............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
..............  AATA database (2002-) 122287 checked 26 January 2012
..............  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 212
..............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
..............  CHIN database (1988-)
..............  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
..............  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:761
..............  Robb, Diccionario para Ingenieros (1979) 95
..............  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) 502
copale............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
.................  ICCD database (1988-)
copal resin............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
copals............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
kopal............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 122287 checked 26 January 2012
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977)
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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