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ID: 300011136
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011136

 

Record Type: concept
onyx (mineral) (chalcedony, quartz (mineral), ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A variety of chacedony having parallel, alternating bands of chalcedony and opal. The bands are usually colored black and white or reddish and white. In ancient times, the stones were available in Egypt, Arabia, and India. Onyx was often used as a gemstone in the production of cameos and intaglios. Onyx is also used as an ornamental building stone and for decorative items such as table tops, lamp bases, and small boxes.
 
Terms:
onyx (mineral) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
onyx (mineral) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
onyx (mineral) (French-P,D,U,N)
縞瑪瑙 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
鎬瑪瑙 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
gǎo ma nǎo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
gao ma nao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
kao ma nao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
onice (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
ónice (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)
ónix (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,N)
ónique (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,N)
piedra oniquina (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,N)
Onyx (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of mineral
.................... mineral (G)
Hierarchy of quartz (mineral)
........................ quartz (mineral) (G)
Hierarchy of chalcedony
............................ chalcedony (G)
Hierarchy of onyx (mineral)
................................ onyx (mineral) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of rock (inorganic material)
.................... rock (inorganic material) (G)
Hierarchy of <rock by form>
........................ <rock by form> (G)
Hierarchy of stone (worked rock)
............................ stone (worked rock) (G)
Hierarchy of <stone by quality>
................................ <stone by quality> (G)
Hierarchy of gemstone
.................................... gemstone (G)
Hierarchy of <gemstones by specific type>
........................................ <gemstones by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of onyx (mineral)
............................................ onyx (mineral) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種玉髓矽礦物,與瑪瑙唯一不同之處在於其層紋呈直線,通常為白色和黑色或白色和紅色。 
Dutch ..... Een soort calcedoonsilicamineraal die alleen verschilt van agaat wat betreft de rechtheid van de lagen; meestal zwart en wit of rood en wit. 
Spanish ..... Variedad de mineral calcedónico de sílice que se diferencia de las ágatas sólo por la rectitud de las capas. Habitualmente blanco y negro, o blanco y rojo. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  agate (chalcedony)
..................................  (chalcedony, quartz (mineral), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011135]

Sources and Contributors:
縞瑪瑙............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  寶石圖鑑 p. 159
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 312
鎬瑪瑙............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 186
gao ma nao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
gǎo ma nǎo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
kao ma nao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
onice............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
..............  ICCD database (1988-)
ónice............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
..............  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 503
..............  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 150
ónique............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 503
ónix............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
...........  Diccionario de la Real Academia Española. Biblioteca de Consulta 2003 (2003)
...........  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 503
onyx (mineral)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 126776 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 543
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
.............................  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984)
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.............................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.............................  Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Jewelry (1981)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Onyx............  [VP]
...........  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
piedra oniquina............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.............................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 672
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 126776 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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