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ID: 300010668
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300010668

 

Record Type: concept
faience (earthenware) (earthenware, pottery (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to tin-glazed European earthenware, particularly ware made in France, Germany, Spain, and Scandinavia. It developed in France in the early 16th century, was influenced by the technique and the designs of Italian maiolica, and is named for Faenza, Italy, which was famous for maiolica. It is distinguished from tin-glazed earthenware made in Italy, which is called "maiolica," and that made in the Netherlands and England, which is called "delftware." It has no connection to the ancient objects or material also named faience, which was developed in the Near East ca. 4500 BCE.
 
Terms:
faience (earthenware) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
faience (earthenware) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
faïence (earthenware) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
faïence (earthenware) (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
fayence (earthenware) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Fayencen (Irdenware) (C,U,German,D,PN)
Fayence (Irdenware) (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
fayenza (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PE

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of ceramic ware (visual works)
.................... ceramic ware (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of pottery (visual works)
........................ pottery (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of earthenware
............................ earthenware (G)
Hierarchy of faience (earthenware)
................................ faience (earthenware) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of ceramic ware (visual works)
.................... ceramic ware (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of pottery (visual works)
........................ pottery (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <pottery by kiln, location, or style>
............................ <pottery by kiln, location, or style> (G)
Hierarchy of faience (earthenware)
................................ faience (earthenware) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar een Europees type aardewerk met tinglazuur dat met name werd vervaardigd in Frankrijk, Spanje, Duitsland en Scandinavië. De eerste faience werd begin 16de eeuw in Frankrijk geproduceerd, onder invloed van de techniek en ontwerpen van het Italiaanse majolica. De naam is afgeleid van de Italiaanse stad Faenza, die beroemd was om zijn majolica. De term dient te worden onderscheiden van 'majolica', het aardewerk met tinglazuur dat in Italië werd vervaardigd, en het 'Delfts aardewerk' uit Nederland en Engeland. Er is geen verband met de oude objecten of materialen die rond 4500 v. Chr. in het Nabije Oosten werden ontwikkeld en eveneens de naam 'faience' droegen. 
German ..... Bezieht sich auf zinnglasierte, europäische Irdenware, vor allem aus Frankreich, Deutschland, Spanien und Skandinavien. Sie wurde in Frankreich im frühen 16. Jahrhundert erfunden und durch die Technik und Designs der italienischen Majolika beeinflusst und benannt nach Faenza, Italien, die berühmt für Maiolica ist. Man unterschiedet sie von zinnglasierter Irdenware aus Italien, die als "Majolika" bezeichnet wird und der aus den Niederlanden und England, die als "Delfter Keramik" bezeichnet wird. Sie hat keinen Bezug zu den antiken Objekten und Materialien, die im Nahen Osten gegen 4500 v. Chr. entwickelt wurden, die auch als Fayencen angesprochen werden.  
Spanish ..... Alude a loza europea de vidriado de estaño, particularmente la loza hecha en Francia, Alemania, España y Escandinavia. Se desarrolló en Francia a principios del siglo XVI, fue influenciada por la técnica y los diseños de la maiolica italiana, y su nombre viene de Faenza, Italia, la cual fue famosa por la maiólica. Se diferencia de la loza barnizada con estaño hecha en Italia, la cual es llamada mayólica, y aquella confeccionada en Holanda e Inglaterra, la que es llamada "Delft”. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  delftware
..................................  (earthenware, pottery (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300140808]
distinguished from ....  faience (ancient objects)
..................................  (<visual works by material or technique>, visual works (works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300265177]
distinguished from ....  maiolica
..................................  (earthenware, pottery (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300021170]
made of/require ....  tin glaze
............................  (<ceramic glaze by composition or origin>, ceramic glaze, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300233436]

Sources and Contributors:
faience (earthenware)............  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
......................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
......................................  AATA database (2002-) 123544 checked 26 January 2012
......................................  Avery Index (1963-)
......................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
......................................  Fleming and Honour, Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1977)
......................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) 192
......................................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
......................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
......................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
......................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
faïence (earthenware)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
......................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
......................................  Miller, Como Reconocer las Antigüedades (1991) 72
......................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
fayence (earthenware)............  [VP]
......................................  Avery Index (1963-)
Fayence (Irdenware)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
...................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/757514/revisions/1258575/view
...................................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) "Fayence", accessed 14 August 2013
...................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei ID: 4127928-1
Fayencen (Irdenware)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/757514/revisions/1258575/view
fayenza............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (1990) 1:1288
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:1288
.................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 123544 checked 26 January 2012
............  Chaffers, Marks and Monograms (1876) 994; Strasbourg porcelain; Strasbourg pottery
............  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) 192; Faience ware
............  Terraroli, Italian Art Ceramics: 1900-1950 (2007) 230
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 25 January 2005
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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